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eductaion in india

eductaion in india

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Published by rajashrisai

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Published by: rajashrisai on Jan 06, 2009
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06/14/2009

 
Om sai ram
Education- the need for privatization
 
BY RAJASHRI SAI
“Democracy depends for its very life on high standard of general, vocationalAnd professional education “.said DR. S Radha KrishnanThis was said by him nearly 60 years ago, today as India enters into the horizons of thenew millennium. “India shinning” they say; education still remains a question mark for alarge part of our population.A large part of our population still continues to be illiterate, still lost in the shadows of time, even though the other part of our population, has reached the pinnacle of growth…in terms of luxury, wealth, consumerism etc.Why is it that in spite of all our efforts our average growth rate in terms of education isonly 9% if not less?Is it the diverse views between the center and the state as to who has the last say in thematter or has our beurocratic system to be blamed, or then again is it culture and society?
PRESENT EDUCATION SCENARIO
:“In law the ‘Right to Education’ is next only to the ‘Right to Life’ as under article 26(a)and article 19(g) of constitution.The term ‘education’ has been clearly defined as the process of developing and trainingthe powers and capabilities of human beings. In its broadest sense the word comprehendsnot merely the instruction received at school or college but the whole course of moral,intellectual and physical education. It is not limited to the ordinary instruction of the childin the pursuits of literature. It also comprehends a proper attention to the moral andreligious and national sentiments of a child.”Education is not merely the ability to read or write. It has more to do with the practicalityand conscious thinking in the fields of proper citizenship, health and collective livingIf the person at the end of his educational tenure is literate and the same time is able tomake his own decisions and differentiate between rights and wrong, be responsiblecitizen and in his own way contributes towards society, only then is he truly educated.The problem with education today is that it has got caught between the eternal conflict between the center and state government personnel, many of whom who don’t fit into the parameters of educated persons ironically.As per the constitution Primary, Secondary and Higher education falls within the previewof the state, and hence does not fall under the centers fund allotment system, while theState machinery is eternally complaining of the lack of adequate funds for the same.
 
If an EDUCATION CESS of 2 % is collected on all transactions, and in 2004-2005 alonea whooping sum of 5000 crores was collected , the question is where is all this moneygoing ?Why has investment in the education sector still remained the same?In states like Kerela due to effective and self motivated state machinery and to a largeextent people involvement , the real growth rate in literacy per annum is nearly 0.9%, butin states like Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Orrisa (BIMARU STATES) , thereal growth in literacy is as low as (-1%).This clearly shows that the state machinery in many states has failed as far a developmentin education for the whole country is concerned.There is an urgent need for involvement by the people and private sectors.
DecentralizedDevelopment is the need of the hour.
Education in India can be broadly divided into Primary education and Higher education.Schools and universities can be subsequently divided into1.Urban schools and institutions managed by Private Sector, mostly for the childrenof the affluent strata of the society.2.State and municipal institutions for the less affluent.3.Village schools and colleges in rural areas.Among these, the schools in the first category do not need assistance from thegovernment.State and Municipal schools cater for the less affluent and urban poor.Currently the second type of schools and institutions are wholly depended on governmentfunding which apart from being unreliable is subject to political favoritism and subject tothe whims and fancies of the government and the ruling party at that particular point of time.In this scenario, especially in states where the education system is very poor the privatesector and local communities can be sought to fund such projects.Municipal and state schools should also raise part of their funds also from local fundraising activities, apart from providing experience to the students it also helps integrateand make aware the community to the needs of the schools.Once the community starts taking part in the activities of the schools then the division between private and municipal schools might seize to exist, all institutions being publicly(from the community)funded might turn towards becoming centers of good quality andequal education.This will also help bridge the gap between the haves and haves not which is a major  problem impeding the development of an emerging India.
 
Heavy funding towards midday meal schemes can be brought under the perview of the private sector and communities can take on the responsibility of implementing andmonitoring the effective working of such schemes.Education does not only mean gaining knowledge, it also means imparting it and sharingit.The rural divide in India is so great that urban children are oblivious to the realities of therural children. If we have to develop a united India, This gap needs to be filled.Fund raising programmes which promote interaction between urban educationalinstitutions and rural institutions should be encouraged this will help the urban studentsknow the problems in rural India and vice versa, this in turn will lead to social harmony.The government can also approach many urban schools which are owned and managedreligious organizations or family trusts.Such organizations can be persuaded with the help of government funding to help buildand operate educational institutions in rural areas. Where the organization can help byway of:a) Designing school buildings and facilities. b) Selecting and training teachers.c) Periodic assessment of the performance of students and teachers.d) Managing finances of the institution etc. The Younger generation today has a desire to do something good for the community their energies just need to be chanelised in the right direction.Another option is that instead of charging education cess on all transactions governmentcan enter into arrangements with certain corporate say the top 100 companies and offer them rebates on their tax structures for promoting and developing education on the whole.The leading companies can depute managers for year or so to be set up educationalinstitutions in a village.Assuming that it will take six months to be build each school, the manager can set up twoschools per annum .with hundred companies , there will be 1000 such schoolsinstitutions established in rural areas in 5 years.Most companies should welcome such opportunities to expose their young managers tounderstand .rural India,
where 75% of our population lives and where the bulk of themarket exists for almost all products.
Such a system will also promote transparency as the companies and the government cankeep track of how the money is being spent.However some possible drawbacks of privatization of education could be:
With the advent of privatization in colleges there has been rapid growth in thequantitative increase number of private colleges, but this has been at the cost of quality as the government does not exercise sufficient control over ‘unaidedcolleges’.

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