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Abap_faq on Reports,Scripts,Module

Abap_faq on Reports,Scripts,Module

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 JH SOFTECH SAP –ABAP FAQs- 1 -www.jhsoftech.com
303,Kaveri Queen’s Building, Opp Aradhana Theater, Tarnaka, Hyd.Ph: 040-265870996, 09293002250
ABAP FAQ’s on Reports / Scripts / BDC / DialogsABAP Reporting
 
SAP TERMINOLOGYMaster data
is a collection of
information about a person or an objec 
 
, e.g. a cost object,vendor, or G/L account. For example, a vendor master record contains not only generalinformation such as the vendor’s name and address, but also specific information, suchas payment terms and delivery instructions. Generally for end users, master data isreference data that you will look up and use, but not create or change.
Transactional data
is data related to a
single business event 
such as a purchaserequisition or a request for payment. When you create a requisition, for example, SAPcreates an electronic document for that particular transaction. SAP gives the transaction adocument number and adds the document to the transaction data that is already in thesystem. Whenever you complete a transaction in SAP, that is, when you create, change,or print a document in SAP, this document number appears at the bottom of the screen.
Workflow
A
routing tool 
in SAP that
forwards documents for review or approval 
. For example, arequisition that needs to be approved is sent to the appropriate approver's inbox.Workflow is also used to route journal vouchers, credit card charges, and otherdocuments in SAP.
Cost Object:
A Cost Object
collects expenses and revenues for a particular purpose 
, such as aresearch project. In SAP there are three types of cost objects: Cost Center, InternalOrder, and WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) Element (
see below for definition 
).
Cost Center:
General or operating Cost Objects 
are known in SAP as Cost Centers. Cost Centers arebudgeted on the fiscal year
.Internal Order:
A non-sponsored Cost Object (for example, funding from the MIT Provost)
used to track costs over periods other than fiscal years.
Internal Orders are often created to track giftsor endowments at MIT.
 
 JH SOFTECH SAP –ABAP FAQs- 2 -www.jhsoftech.com
303,Kaveri Queen’s Building, Opp Aradhana Theater, Tarnaka, Hyd.Ph: 040-265870996, 09293002250
WBS Element:
WBS Elements are funded by outside sponsors and are used to trackcosts of a particular research project over the entire span of its activity. They may also becreated to track other sponsored activities, such as gifts.
G/L Account:
G/L accounts are also called Cost Elements in SAP. They are a classification by expenseor revenue type. In the CO (Controlling) module of SAP, the term Cost Element is used.In the FI(Financial) module, the term G/L Account is used. These terms are used interchangeablyfor reporting, requisitions, and journal vouchers.
 
Database tables and open SQL
Add a single record to a database table 
insert into <database table> values <work area>
Inserting all lines from an internal table into a database table: 
insert <database table> from table <internal table>
Delete all records 
Select * from zmellemtab.delete zmellemtab.endselect.
Deleting records using records from an internal table 
delete employees from table itab.
 
Q & ABASIS LAYERWhat are the central interfaces of the R/3 system ?
- Presentation interface
 
 JH SOFTECH SAP –ABAP FAQs- 3 -www.jhsoftech.com
303,Kaveri Queen’s Building, Opp Aradhana Theater, Tarnaka, Hyd.Ph: 040-265870996, 09293002250
Database interfaceOperating system interface
Which interface controls what is shown on the p.c. ?
-
Presentation interface
Which interface converts SQL requirements in the SAP development systemto those of the database ?
-
Database interface
What is SAP dispatcher ?
- SAP dispatcher is the control agent which
manages the resources 
for the R/3 applications.
What are the functions of dispatcher ?
-
Equal distribution of transaction load to the work processes Management of buffer areas in main memory 
Integration of the presentation levelsOrganization of communication activies
What is a work process ?
- A work process is where individual dialog steps are actually processedand the work is done. Each work process handles one type of request.
Name various work processes of R/3 system ?
1) Dialog or Online ( processes only one request at a time )2) Background ( started at a specified time )3) Update ( primary or secondary )4) Enque( lock mechanism )5) Spool ( generated online or during back ground processing For printing )
What are the types of Update requests ?
- An update request can be divided into
one 
primary (V1)
and
several 
Secondary update components (V2).
Time-critical operations are placed in V1 component andthose whose timing are less critical are placed in V2 components. If a V1 updatefails, V2 components will not be processed.
What are the roll and page areas ?
- Roll and page areas
are SAP R/3 buffers 
used to store

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