Lecture notes on Unconventional machining process
The working principle of USM:
In USM, a tool of desired shape vibrates at an ultrasonic frequency (19
25 KHz) with an amplitude of around 15
50 um over the working piece. Generally the tool is pressed down word with a feed force F,between the tool and work piece.The machining zone is flooded with the abrasive slurry. As tool vibrates over the work piece, theabrasive particles acts as the indenters intend both the work piece and the tool, which would erode thebase material, the machining process takes place.
The factors affecting the MRR:
Abrasive grain size4)
Work piece impact hardness.5)
Concentration of slurry6)
Amplitude of vibration7)
Frequency of vibration.
The types of transducers:
Piezo electric effect3)
Electro strive effect
The types of concentrators:
What is the purpose of concentrators?
The main purpose of concentrators is to increase multi fold of the amplitude of the vibration obtainedfrom the transducers.