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SYLLABUS in Persons and Family Relations

SYLLABUS in Persons and Family Relations

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Syllabus in
 
PERSONS and FAMILY RELATIONS
 
1
SYLLABUS IN
 
Persons and Family Relations
 
 
I. Preliminary Title
 
1. Chapter 1: Effect and Application of Laws [Arts. 1-18, NCC]
 
a. Publication and Effectivity of Laws [E.O. 200, June 18, 1987]
 
 —
Tañada vs. Tuvera, G.R. No. L-63915, December 29, 1986
 —
Tanada vs. Tuvera, G.R. No. 63915, April 24, 1985
b. Mandatory Effect of Laws [Arts. 526, 2154 and 2155, NCC]
 
c. Prospective Application of Laws; Exceptions
 
 —
Art. 4, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 2252-2269, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 22, Revised Penal Code
 —
Columbia Pictures, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 110318, August 28, 1996
d. Repeal of Laws
 
 —
Art. XVIII, Sec. 3, 1987 Constitution
 —
Frivaldo vs. COMELEC, et al., G.R. No. 120295, June 28, 1996
e. Ignorance of the Law
 
 —
Elegado vs. Court of Tax Appeals, G.R. No. L-68385, May 12, 1989
f. Judicial Decisions
 
 —
D.M. Consunji vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 137873, April 20,2001
g. Applicability of Customs
 
 —
Art. XII, Sec. 5, 1987 Constitution
 —
Rule 129, Sec. 2 and Sec. 3, Revised Rules of Court
 —
In re: Sycip, Salazar, Feliciano, Hernandez & Castillo, et al., G.R. No.X92-1, July 30, 1979
h. Computation of Time/Legal Periods
 
 —
Rule 22, Revised Rules of Court
 —
Estanislao, et al. vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 143687, July 31,2001
i. Nationality Rule
 
 —
Art. 15, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 26, par. 2, Family Code
 —
Bellis vs. Bellis, G.R. No. L-23678, June 6, 1967
 j. Conflicts Rules
 
 —
Aznar vs. Christensen-Garcia, G.R. No. L-16749, January 31, 1963
2. Chapter 2: Human Relations [Arts. 19-36, NCC]
 
 —
Sergio Amonoy vs. Spouses Jose Gutierrez, et al., G.R. 140420,February 15, 2001
 —
University of the East vs. Jader, G.R. No. 132344, February 7, 2000
a. Duty to Act With Justice, Observe Honesty and Good Faith
 
 —
Nikko Hotel Manila Garden, et al. vs. Reyes, G.R. No. 154259, February28, 2005
 —
Capitle, et al. vs. vda. de Gaban, et al., G.R. No. 146890, June 8, 2004
b. Actions for Breach of Promise to Marry
 
 —
Art. 1403 (2) (c), RA 386
 —
US vs. Limcangco, G.R. No. L-3766, October 18, 1907
 —
Bunag, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 101749, July 10, 1992
c. Unjust Enrichment
 
 —
H.L. Carlos Construction vs. Marina Properties Corp., G.R. No. 147614,January 29, 2004
 —
University of the Phil. vs. Philab Industries, Inc., G.R. No. 152411,September 29, 2004
d. Rights to Personal Dignity and Privacy
 
 —
Concepcion vs. Court of Appeals, et al.., G.R. No. 120706, January 31,2000
e. Liability of Public Officers
 
 —
Obra, et al. vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 120852, October 28,1999
f. Independent Civil Actions
 
 —
Rule 111, Sec. 3, Revised Rules of Court
 —
Samson vs. Daway, et al., G.R. Nos. 160054-55, July 21, 2004
 —
Hambon vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 122150, March 17, 2003
g. Prejudicial Questions
 
 —
Sections 5 and 6, Rule 111, Revised Rules of Court
 —
People of the Phil. vs. Delizo, G.R. No. 141624, August 17, 2004
 —
Pahang vs. Vestil, et al., G.R. No. 148595, July 12, 2004
II. A. The concept of a 'person' and 'personality'
  ARTS. 37-39, Civil CodeClasses of persons and their distinctionsElements of civil capacityJuridical capacity v. personalityJuridical capacity v. capacity to actB. Commencement and termination of personality1. Natural Personsa. Birth Arts. 40-41, Civil Code1987 Constitution, Art. II, Sec. 12P.D. 603 [Child and Youth Welfare Code], Art. 5 Art. 164, Family Code Arts. 256-259, Revised Penal Code (RPC)Cases:*Quimiguing v. Icao, 34 SCRA 132Continental Steel v. Montano, GR 182836, 13 October 2006b. Death Art. 42, Civil Code*Butte v. Manuel Uy & Sons, Inc. 4 SCRA 526 Art. 43, Civil CodeRule 131 Sec 3(jj)-(kk), 1989 Revised Rules on Evidence*Joaquin v. Navarro2. Juridical Persons Arts. 44-47, Civil CodeBP Blg. 68 (Corporation Code), Secs. 2, 4, 17 Arts. 1767-1768, Civil Code*Municipality of San Fernando v. Judge Firme, GR No. 52179, April 1991C. Restrictions on Civil Capacity1. Presumption of CapacityCatalan v. Basa, GR No. 159567, July 31, 20072. Restriction on capacity to act Arts. 38-39, cf. Art. 1327 Civil Code(a) Minority1. Age of majority, RA 68092. A.M. No. 03-02-05 SC Rules on Guardianship3. Suffrage, Sec. 1, Art. V, 1987 Constitution [cf.
Sangguniang Kabataan] 
 
 
4. Marriage, Family Code Art. 5; 45(1); cf. RA 68095. Contracts Arts 1327; 1390 (1); 1403(3); 1397; 1399; 1489; 1426-1427, Civil CodeCase:Mercado v. Espiritu, 37 Phil. 215
 
Syllabus in
 
PERSONS and FAMILY RELATIONS
 
2
6. Criminal Liability Arts 12(2)-(3), RPC Art. 13(2), RPC; Secs. 189-204, PD 603Case: Atizado v. People, GR No. 173822, 13 October 2010 Also see: Rule 3, Section 5, 1997 Rules of Civil Procedureb. Insanity1. Marriage, FC 45(2)2. Contracts, Arts. 1327(1), 1328, Civil Code3. Criminal Liability, Art. 12(1), RPC; Rule 101, Rules of CourtCase:Hernandez v. Santos, GR No. 169217, 7 August 2009c. Deaf-Mutism, Arts. 1327(2), 807 & 820, Civil Coded. Prodigality, Rule 92, Section 2, Rules of Courte. Civil Interdiction, Arts. 31, 34 & 41, RPCf. Family RelationsFC 150-151; cf FC 87 Arts. 1490; 2035 cf. 963-967, Civil Codeg. Alienage, cf. Art. IV, Secs. 1-5, 1987 ConstitutionCase: Cordora v. COMELEC, February 19, 2009h. Absence, Arts. 381-396, Civil Code; Art. 411, FCi. Insolvency and Trusteeship, Arts. 1381, 1491, 2236, Civil Code j. Gender, Art. II, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution; cf. Art. 403, Civil CodeSee also: Rule 3, Section 4, 1997 Rules of Civil ProcedureD. Domicile and residence of persons1. Juridical persons, Art. 51, Civil Code2. Natural Persons, Art. 50, Civil Code; Arts. 68-69 FC; cf. Art. 110, CivilCode; cf. FC 55, 101, 149, 152, 101Case: Romualdez-Marcos v. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300
III. INTRODUCTION TO THE FAMILY CODE
  A. Effect and RetroactivityE.O. 29, as amended by E.O. 227, RA 8609, RA 7160FC 255Case: Fuentes v. Roca, GR No. 178902, 21 April 2010B. Repeal/AmendmentFC 254, 255
IV. MARRIAGE & PERSONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN SPOUSES
 
Marriage
 
1. Concept
 
 —
Art. II, Sec. 12, 1987 Constitution
 —
Art. XV, Sec. 2, 1987 Constitution
 —
Art. 1, Family Code
 —
Art. 149, Family Code
 —
Art. 52, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 220, New Civil Code
 —
Rule 131, Sec. 3, 1989 Rules on EvidenceCase: Estrada v. Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651, 4 August 2003Case: Mecaral v. Velasquez, A.C. No. 8392, 29 June 2010
2. Stipulations Relating to Marriage
 
 —
Acebedo vs. Arquero, A.M. No. P-94-1054, March 11, 2003
 —
Estrada vs. Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651, August 4, 2003
3. Essential Requirements
 
 —
Arts. 53-54, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2, Family Code
 —
Art. 4, Family Code
 —
Art. 5, Family Code
 —
Art. 57, P.D. 603Case: Harayo vs. Coliflores, A.M. No. MTJ-92-710, June 19, 2003Case: Silverio v. Republic, 22 October 2007
4. Formal Requirements
 
 —
Arts. 55-70, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 3-4, Family Code
 —
Sec. 455, (b) (1) (xviii), R.A. 7160 (Local Government Code)
 —
Escleo vs. Dorado, A.M. No. P-99-1312 July 31, 2002
 —
Niñal vs. Bayadog, G.R. No. 133778, March 14, 2000
 —
Republic of the Phil. vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 103047,September 2, 1994Case: Republic v. Dayot, GR No. 175581, 28 March 2008
5. Other Requirements
 
 —
Arts. 54-71, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 92-96, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 6-25, Family Code
 —
Sec. 3, R.A. 6809
 —
Sec. 7, Act No. 3753, November 26, 1930
 —
Sec. 20, Act No. 3753, November 26, 1930
 —
P.D. No. 965, July 20, 1976
 —
Beso vs. Daguman, A.M. No. MTJ-99-1211, January 28, 2000
 —
Niñal vs. Bayadog, G.R. No. 133778, March 14, 2000
6. Marriages Celebrated Outside the Philippines
 
 —
Arts. 15 & 17, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 66, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 71, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 75, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 124, New Civil Code
 —
R.A. No. 8171, October 23, 1995
 —
E.O. No. 227, July 17, 1987
 —
Art. 10, Family Code
 —
Art. 21, Family Code
 —
Art. 26, Family Code
 —
Sec. 6, E.O. No. 292, July 25, 1987
 —
Amended Rules and Regulations Implementing R.A. No. 8171, August 5,1999
 —
DOJ Opinion No. 11, s 1990
 —
Roehr vs. Rodriguez, et al., G.R. No. 142820, June 20, 2003
 —
Garcia vs. Recio, G.R. No. 138322, October 2, 2001Case: Dacasin v. Dacasin, GR No. 168785, 5 February 2010
7. Void Marriages
 
 —
Arts. 80-83, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 390-391, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 886 & 888, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 908, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 963-967, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 1061, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2035, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 4, par. 1, Family Code
 —
Arts. 35-42, Family Code
 —
Arts. 44 & 50, Family Code
 —
Art. 53, Family Code
 —
Arts. 68-73, Family Code
 —
Art. 101, Family Code
 —
Art. 102 (4), Family Code
 —
Arts. 147-148, Family Code
 —
Art. 176, Family Code
 —
Art. 237, Family Code
 —
Art. 255, Family Code
 —
Art. 246, Revised Penal Code
 —
Arts. 344 & 349, Revised Penal Code
 —
Sec. 2, E.O. 227, July 17, 1987
 —
A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, March 4, 2003
 —
R.A. No. 6809
 —
R.A. No. 8533Cases:
 —
Buenaventura vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. Nos. 127358 & 127449,March 31, 2005
 —
Hernandez vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 126010, December 8,1999
 —
Marcos v. Marcos, G.R. No. 136490, October 19, 2000
 —
Choa vs. Choa, G.R. No. 143376, November 26, 2002
 —
Chi Ming Tsoi vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 119190, January 16,1997Case: Alcazar v. Alcazar, GR 174451, 13 October 2009
 
Syllabus in
 
PERSONS and FAMILY RELATIONS
 
3
8. Voidable Marriages
 
 —
Arts. 15 & 17, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 886 & 888 New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 1335-1344, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 147-148, Family Code
 —
Art. 344, last paragraph, Revised Penal Code
 —
Art. 349, Revised Penal Code
 —
Arts. 351-352, Revised Penal Code
 —
R.A. No. 6955
 —
Sec. 44 (e), RA 296
 —
Arts. 85-91, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 132 (4), New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2266 (2), New Civil Code
 —
Art. 4, par. 2, Family Code
 —
Arts. 45-54, Family Code
 —
Art. 198, Family Code
 —
Art. 237, Family Code
 —
Supreme Court Admin.Circular No. 35-04, August 12, 2004
 —
Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, March 4, 2003
 —
Republic of the Phil. vs. Dagdag, G.R. No. 109975, February 9, 2001
9. Common-Law Marriages
 
 —
Art. 147, Family Code
 —
Rule 131, Sec. 3, Revised Rules of Court
 —
Joaquino vs. Reyes, et al., G.R. No. 154645, July 13, 2004
 —
Niñal vs. Bayadog, G.R. No. 133778, March 14, 2000
Legal Separation
 
1. Concept
 
 —
Pacete, et al. vs. Carriaga, et al., G.R. No. L-53880, March 17, 1994
 —
Tenchavez vs. Escaño, et al., G.R. No. L-19671, November 29, 1965
2. Grounds
 
 —
Art. 97, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 55, Family Code
 —
Art. 101, Family Code
 —
Art. 247, Revised Penal Code
 —
Arts. 333 & 334, Revised Penal Code
 —
Hernandez vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 126010, December 8,1999
3. Procedure
 
 —
Rule on Legal Separation, A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC, March 4, 2003
 —
Tuason vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 116607, April 10, 1996
4. Defenses
 
 —
Arroyo vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 96602, November 19, 1991
5. Liquidation
 
 —
Art. 63 (2), Family Code
 —
Bañez vs. Bañez, G.R. Nos. 132592 & 133628, January 23, 2002
6. Effects of Decree of Legal Separation
 
 —
Bañez vs. Bañez, G.R. Nos. 132592 & 133628, January 23, 2002
Rights and Obligations of Spouses
 
 —
Art. II, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution
 —
Art. XIII, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution
 —
Art. 11(2), Revised Penal Code
 —
Art. 247, Revised Penal Code
 —
Art. 15, New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 109-117, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 753, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2035 (4), New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 68-73, Family Code
 —
Art. 101, Family Code
 —
Art. 128, Family Code
 —
Art. 198, Family Code
 —
R.A. No. 7192
 —
R.A. No. 8187
 —
Ilusorio vs. Bildner, et al., G.R. Nos. 139789 & 139808, May 12, 2000
 —
Chi Ming Tsoi vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 119190, January 16,1997
Property Relations Between Husband and Wife
 
1. General
 
 —
Arts. 74-81, Family Code
2. Marriage Settlements
 
 —
Arts. 75-81, Family Code
 —
Art. 22 (7), Family Code
 —
Toda, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. Nos. 78583-84, March 26, 1990
3. Donations by Reason of Marriage
 
 —
Art. 44, Family Code
 —
Arts. 81-87, Family Code
 —
Locquiao Valencia, et al. vs. Locquiao, et al., G.R. No. 122134, October3, 2003
4. Absolute Community of Property
 
 —
Arts. 88-104, Family Code
 —
Valdes vs. RTC, Branch 102, Quezon City, et al., G.R. No. 122749, July31, 1996
5. Conjugal Partnership of Gains
 
 —
Arts. 105-133, Family Code
 —
Homeowners Savings & Loan Bank vs. Dailo, G.R. No. 153802, March11, 2005
6. Separation of Property
 
 —
Arts. 143-146, Family Code
 —
Yao vs. Perello, et al., G.R. No. 153828, October 24, 2003
7. Property Relations of Unions Without Marriage
 
 —
Arts. 147-148, Family Code
 —
Francisco vs. Master Iron Works & Const. Corp., et al., G.R. No.151967, February 16, 2005
Family Relations
 
 —
Arts. 149-151, Family Code
 —
Art. 1109, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2035, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 20, Revised Penal Code
 —
Art. 247, Revised Penal Code
 —
Art. 332, Revised Penal Code
 —
Rule 16, Sec. 1 (j), 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure
 —
Modequillo vs. Breva, et al., G.R. No. 86355, May 31, 1990
Paternity and Filiation
 
1. General
 
 —
Art. 143 (a), PD 1083, February 4, 1977
 —
Rule 108 Sec. 2 (m), Revised Rules of Court
2. Legitimate Children
 
 —
Arts. 163-171, Family Code
 —
Art. 59, PD 1083, February 4, 1977
 —
Art. 62, PD 1083, February 4, 1977
 —
Rule 131, Sec. 3 (dd), Revised Rules of Court
 —
Rule 131, Sec. 4, Revised Rules of Court
 —
Babiera vs. Catotal, G.R. No. 138493, June 15, 2000
3. Proof of Filiation
 
 —
Arts. 265-268, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2260, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2266 (3), New Civil Code
 —
Arts. 172-174, Family Code
 —
Art. 58, PD 1083, February 4, 1977
 —
Art. 63, PD 1083, February 4, 1977
 —
Rosendo Herrera vs. Rosendo Alba, G.R. No. 148220, June 15, 2005
4. Illegitimate Children
 
 —
Arts. 276-289, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 834, New Civil Code
 —
Art. 887(4) & (5), New Civil Code
 —
Art. 2260, New Civil Code

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