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Linear Regression

Linear Regression



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Published by 07bs3326

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: 07bs3326 on Jan 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Probability Theory is used to analyse data for decision makingClassical Probability
probability is the ratio of n. of equalaly ikely outcomes favurable for an event to the total
Relative FrequencySubjective Probability
determined by a personal statement of how likely an outcome is.
Marginal Probability
ratio of number of possible outcomes favourable to the event A to th total number of pos
P(A) = number of possible outcomes favouring A / tota number of possible outco
the definition assumes that the elements of the sampe space have an equally likely chan
Probability RulesAdditional rule
In case of mutually exclusive events
P(A or B or C) = P(A) + P(B) + P( C)
In case events re not mutually exclusive
P(A or B) = P(a) + P(B) - P(A and B)
Independent and Dependent Events
two events A and B are dependent events if the occurrence of event A is related to the o
Multiplication rule: Indepnedent eventsMultiplication Rule : DepeP(A and B) = P(A)*P(B)
P(A and B) = P(A)*P(B/A)P(B and A) = P(B)*P(A/B)
is an operation that produces outcomes which can be observed
is the result of an experiment
Sample Space
is the totality of all possible outcomes of an experimentEvents are said to be
Mutually Exclusive
when they cannot occur at the same time(occanother) when an experiment is performed.P(A) + P(A') = 1 and P(A and A')=0
Collectively Exhaustive
list is a list of all possible events of an experimentwe define probability of event A, occuring as the proportion of times A occurs, if we repetimes under the same or similar conditions.Marginal probability in case of independent events is just the addition of the probabilitiesimple event occurs.
P(sample space S) = 1
P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) because P(A and B) = 0 when A and B are mutually exTwo events A and B are independent events if the occurrence of event A is in no way reoccurrence of event B and vice versa
Conditional Probability: Inependent Events
if the probability of an event is subject to a restriction on the sample space, the probabilitconditional probability is the probability of the occurrence of an event say A, subject to thP(A/B) = P(A)
Conditional Probability: dependent eventsP(A/B) = P(A and B)/P(B)Bayes' TheoremP(Ai/B) = [ P(Ai)*P(B/Ai)] / [ P(A1)P(B/A1)+P(A2)P(B/A2)+….+P(Ak)P(B/Ak) ]
umber of utcomesible outcomes
ce of occuring.
ccurrence event B
ndent events
urrence of 1 implies non occurrence of t the experiment severals of all the events in which theclusive evntsated to the occurrence or non-

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