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Squares of Rep-Digit Numbers

# Squares of Rep-Digit Numbers

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02/19/2013

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1(Contributed by Sri.N.Vijaya Prasad,Retired Principal,Andhra Pradesh Education Service)SQUARES OF REP-DIGITED NUMBERS_______________________________________Sri V.Srinivasan in his article"The Seven's wonder" which appeared in Ganitha ChandrikaVol 8,Issue4,Year 2000,Pages 9-12,has evolved a technique called "Choodamani Method" for quicklycomputing the squares of rep-digit numbers of any length.While complementing him for the same,I suggestthe following alternative in arriving at the answer in perhaps less time.We start off with some simple observations:(1) All products of pairs of single digits (with repetitions allowed) can be written in the form ab (written inthe decimal, positional notation) where a is in the 10
th

1Step 8:Proceeding as in Step 7 we write the final answer (starting from the last digit 9 and proceeding fromthe left to the right) as 60481729 which is indeed the square of 7777.(2) Next we consider another example.

th
,7
th
,6
th
,.. ,3
rd
,2
nd
,1
st
terms in that order and enter the sums obtained as 9
th
,10
th
,11
th
,…,15
th
,16thterms resulting in the sequence 3,12,21,30,39,48,57,66,69,60,51,42,33.24,15,6 written as3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 61 2 3 3 4 5 6 6 6 5 4 3 2 1answer written from backwards i.e.from right to left as 4444444355555556(ii)As another illustration consider the square of 8888.8 squared is 64 // 6+4 is “10” // we have to”subtract” “2” from 6 to get 4 // answer eight digited // scheme is 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 to get the answer as 78996544.1 2 3 3 2 1(iii)Let us compute finally the square of 777777777 (here 7 is repeated nine times)7 squared is 49 // 4+ 9 is “13” // 4 “+5” is 9 // for the eighteen-digited answer start with 4, end with 9 // arrive at the two-rowed arrangement4 7 0 3 6 9 2 5 8 3 0 7 4 1 8 5 2 9 // 1 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 10 8 7 6 4 3 2giving the answer 604938270395061729(6)An important observation:As far as finding the squares of rep-digit numbers involving 9 ,Vedictechnique remains the best and fastest.e.g.Square of 999999 is immediately written as 999998000001 i.e. the given number less one,followed byfive(six less one) zeroes and a 1.(7)There is yet another less cumbersome, more time-saving modification to quickly compute the squares of rep- digited numbers :Consider the square of 77777.49 is the square of 7. 4 added to 9 is “13”.The 10-digited answer is written in a single row simultaneouslyin both forward and back-ward directions filling up the blank spaces “in pairs” thus:4, - - - - - - - - , 9 ,4,17,- - - - - -,22,9,4,17,30,.- - - - ,35,22,94,17,30,43,- -,48,35,22,9,4,17,30,43,56,61,48,35,22,9(in practice, we need write only the last row)This gives rise to the scheme4 7 0 3 6 1 8 5 2 9