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Physiology of the Cell

Physiology of the Cell

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Published by: James Mark Magsipoc Ortega on Jun 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/20/2012

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Physiology of the Cell
ByImelda A. Ygan
 
ENERGY FLOW IN THE LIFE OFA CELL
What is energy?
 
Energy can be defined simply as the capacity to do work,including synthesizing molecules, moving objects, andgenerating heat and light. There are two types of energy:
 kinetic energy and potential energy
. Both of these in turnexist in many different forms. Kinetic energy, or energy of motion, includes light, heat, electricity, and movement of largeobjects. Potential energy or stored energy, includes chemicalenergy stored in the bonds that holds atoms together inmolecules, electrical energy stored in the battery, andpositional energy stored in a diver poised to spring.
 
The Laws of ThermodynamicsDescribe the Basic Properties of Energy
The laws of thermodynamics define he basicproperties and behavior of energy. The
first law of thermodynamics
states that, assuming there is noinflux of energy, the total amount of energy within agiven system remains constant. Although nuclearreactions convert matter into energy, energy canneither be created nor destroyed by ordinaryprocesses. Thus, the first law is otherwise called asthe
law of conservation of energy
.

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