to align than welding neck flange. This flange is ideal for low pressure applications since the
strength when under internal pressure is about one third that of a weld neck flange.
- This is similar to a slip-on flange, except they have a bored and counter bore.
The counter bore allows the pipe to fit into the socket/counter bore. The bore of the flange is the
same diameter as the inside of the pipe. These flanges were first designed for small diameter,high pressure pipe.
- It is similar to a slip-on Flange, but has internal threads. It is normally used
for low pressure and not used where temperature or stress is very high.
- This flange comes in two types, regular and long. The hub of the weld neck
is designed to reduce the stress at the base of the flange. Regular weld neck flanges are usedwith buttweld fittings and long weld neck flanges are usually used with equipment and vessel
nozzles. A long weld neck flange is rarely used with pipe. Both types of flanges are bored tomatch the inside diameter of the pipe or fitting to which it will be welded to. They are suitable
connection in high pressure applications. The flange has a hexagonal groove sealing surface andis fitted with a ring that is compressed in a groove.
ASME B16.5 - Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: NPS 1/2 through NPS 24 Metric/Inch StandardASME B16.47 - Large Diameter Steel Flanges: NPS 26 Through NPS 60 Metric/Inch Standard(Covers MSS SP-44 and API 605 flanges)MSS SP-44 - Steel Pipeline Flanges (Covered by ASME B16.47 Series A)API 605 - Cancelled (Covered by ASME B16.47 SeriesAPI Spec 6A - Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment
ASME B16.5 and ASME B16.47 cover pipe flanges up to NPS 60 (B16.5 from 1/2" to 24" andB16.47 from 26" to 60"). ANSI B16.47 covers two series of flanges, Series A is equal to MSS SP-44-44, and Series B is equal to API 605 (API 605 has been canclled).