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Flanges

Flanges

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Published by Dayo Idowu

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Published by: Dayo Idowu on Jun 20, 2012
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12/10/2013

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 Flanges
Contents
 
Flange Descriptions
 - These flanges do not have a bore. It is used to blind off a flange or even a valve.
 
When used at the end of a pipe or fitting, it provides an easy to open access for further extensionof the pipe. The blind flange and its bolts are stressed more than any other flange.
 - This flange is used with a lap joint stub end fitting. It is similar to a slip-on
 
flange, but with two differences. The radius and the flat face, both allow the flange to secure
 
against the stub end fitting. This is useful where alignment of bolt holes is difficult, such as withspools to be attached to flangednozzles of vessels.A lap joint is used in low pressure
 
applications and not suitable where high external of heavy loads are present.
 - Slip-on flanges are designed to slip over the outside of pipe, long-tangent
 
elbows, reducers, and swages. The flange has poor resistance to shock and vibration. It is easier
 
to align than welding neck flange. This flange is ideal for low pressure applications since the
 
strength when under internal pressure is about one third that of a weld neck flange.
 - This is similar to a slip-on flange, except they have a bored and counter bore.
 
The counter bore allows the pipe to fit into the socket/counter bore. The bore of the flange is the
 
same diameter as the inside of the pipe. These flanges were first designed for small diameter,high pressure pipe.
 - It is similar to a slip-on Flange, but has internal threads. It is normally used
 
for low pressure and not used where temperature or stress is very high.
 - This flange comes in two types, regular and long. The hub of the weld neck
 
is designed to reduce the stress at the base of the flange. Regular weld neck flanges are usedwith buttweld fittings and long weld neck flanges are usually used with equipment and vessel
 
nozzles. A long weld neck flange is rarely used with pipe. Both types of flanges are bored tomatch the inside diameter of the pipe or fitting to which it will be welded to. They are suitable
 
where high pressure,extreme temperatures,shear impact and vibratory stresses apply.
 
 - Also known as RTJ Flanges. These are used for a leak-proof 
 
connection in high pressure applications. The flange has a hexagonal groove sealing surface andis fitted with a ring that is compressed in a groove.
Flange Specification
ASME B16.5 - Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: NPS 1/2 through NPS 24 Metric/Inch StandardASME B16.47 - Large Diameter Steel Flanges: NPS 26 Through NPS 60 Metric/Inch Standard(Covers MSS SP-44 and API 605 flanges)MSS SP-44 - Steel Pipeline Flanges (Covered by ASME B16.47 Series A)API 605 - Cancelled (Covered by ASME B16.47 SeriesAPI Spec 6A - Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment
 
ASME B16.5 and ASME B16.47 cover pipe flanges up to NPS 60 (B16.5 from 1/2" to 24" andB16.47 from 26" to 60"). ANSI B16.47 covers two series of flanges, Series A is equal to MSS SP-44-44, and Series B is equal to API 605 (API 605 has been canclled).
 
Flange Materials
Standards usually specify the material from which the flange is produced.
Flange Size
There are available flange sizes and grades for all standard pipe wall thicknesses and pressure
 
ratings.
Flange Facing Types
One end of the flex joint is a flat face to match the pump face and the other end is raised face to match the flange.
Flat Face
 
(FF)
- Typically these flanges are used on pump facings or on fiberglass flanges wherethe torque of compressing the gasket will damage the flange body. They are found in 150# and
 
300# ratings. Their principal use is to make connections with 125# and 250# cast iron flanges,respectively.
Raised Face
 
(RF)
- The raised face is the most common used flange face. It is called raised facebecause the gasket is raised 1/16" and 1/4" above the bolt circle face: 1/16" for 300 lb. and less,1/4" for 400 lb. and more. The flange facings are machine finished toANSI /ASME B16.5  requirements.
Ring Type Joint
 
(RTJ)
(Class 300 and larger) - This flange is normally used for high pressure
 
gas pipe work. Ring type gaskets must be used on this type of flange.
Tongue and Groove
 
(T&G)
 Small Tongue and GrooveLarge Tongue and GrooveSmall Male and Female

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