% female, full time = 9 / 180 = 5%
% female, part time = 63 / 180 = 35%This tells us that of our sample of 40,
50% should be male, full time.
10% should be male, part time.
5% should be female, full time.
35% should be female, part time.
50% of 40 is 20.
10% of 40 is 4.
5% of 40 is 2.
35% of 40 is 14.Another easy way without having to calculate the percentage is to multiplyeach group size by the sample size and divide by the total population size(size of entire staff):
male, full time = 90 x (40 / 180) = 20
male, part time = 18 x (40 / 180) = 4
female, full time = 9 x (40 / 180) = 2
female, part time = 63 x (40 / 180) = 143.Cluster sampling :a. Definition:A random sampling plan in which the population is subdivided into groupscalled clusters so that there is small variability within clusters and largevariability between clusters.b.Advantage:Quicker, easier and cheaper than other forms of random sampling.Does not require complete population information.Useful for face-to-face interviews.Works best when each cluster can be regarded as a microcosm of thepopulation.c.Disadvantages:Larger sampling error than other forms of random sampling.If clusters are not small it can become expensive.A larger sample size may be needed to compensate for greater samplingerrord.Practical example :Let's say you want to conduct a study involving nurses in the United States.Instead of randomly selecting 10% of the nurses in every hospital in thecountry, you could randomly select 10% of the hospitals and take all of thenurses in those hospitals to be part of your sample.