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Introduction to Quantum Optics

Introduction to Quantum Optics

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Published by Gary_Mozer

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Published by: Gary_Mozer on Jun 20, 2012
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INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM OPTICS
From Light Quanta to Quantum Teleportation
The purpose of this book is to provide a physical understanding of what photonsare and of their properties and applications. Special emphasis is made in the text onphoton pairs produced in spontaneous parametric down-conversion, which exhibitintrinsically quantum mechanical correlations known as entanglement, and whichextend over manifestly macroscopic distances. Such photon pairs are well suited tothe physical realization of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen-type experiments, and alsomake possible such exciting techniques as quantum cryptography and teleporta-tion. In addition, non-classical properties of light, such as photon antibunchingand squeezing, as well as quantum phase measurement and optical tomography,are discussed. The author describes relevant experiments and elucidates the physi-cal ideas behind them. This book will be of interest to undergraduates and graduatestudents studying optics, and to any physicist with an interest in the mysteries of the photon and exciting modern work in quantum cryptography and teleportation.H
ARRY
P
AUL
obtained a Ph.D. in Physics at Friedrich Schiller University, Jena,in 1958. Until 1991 he was a scientific coworker at the Academy of Sciences atBerlin. Afterwards he headed the newly created research group Nonclassical Lightat the Max Planck Society. In 1993 he was appointed Professor of TheoreticalPhysics at Humboldt University, Berlin. He retired in 1996.Harry Paul has made important theoretical contributions to quantum optics. Inparticular, he extended the conventional interference theory based on the conceptof any photon interfering only with itself to show also that different, indepen-dently produced photons can be made to interfere in special circumstances. Hewas also the first to propose a feasible measuring scheme for the quantum phaseof a (monochromatic) radiation field. It relies on amplification with the help of aquantum amplifier and led him to introduce a realistic phase operator.Harry Paul is the author of textbooks on laser theory and non-linear optics, andhe is editor of the encyclopedia
Lexikon der Optik 
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