PART III: TOOLKIT
Participatory Approaches: A facilitator’s guide
III-1.4 How was it for you?
Hopefully this guide will have given you someprinciples to understand what participation is allabout; a framework to help you organise yourefforts; some guidelines on the essentialattitude and function of the facilitator; and somepractical ideas for methods and tools – justenough to give you the confidence to
have a go
.Try things. They might work. And they mighthelp disadvantaged people to find their voice.
How well did you do? Ask the group. With anyprocess, method, tool or workshop, it’salways important to review how things went.This will provide feedback on the activity, butalso on your progress as a PA practitioner.
Q. What did you find out about the topic/abouteach other? Q. How did you work together? Q. Did the activity help you to work together? Q. Did the facilitator help to make things run smoothly?
Evaluation sheets or questionnaires areuseful, but you need something else to liventhings up. Many tools have been highlightedas having value for reviewing. Here are tenideas from VSO Ghana to help you end on ahigh note:1.‘The best thing about today was…’Participants write or draw their answer.2.Participants draw a road, river, mountainor other journey that shows their progressthroughout the day, indicating highs, lows,challenges and successes.3.The group imagine they are a directorialteam who are asked to make up a story-board for an exciting documentaryon theworkshop – with no budgetaryrestrictions!4.Compose and perform a song/poem/rapabout their major learning point.5.Draw a mapof their learning.6.Draw a picture, logo or posterof theirlearning.7.Devise and present a drama/mimeof theirlearning.8.Devise and present a tableau/groupsculptureof their learning.9.Draw up and present a press releaseontheir learning.10.Draw up and present an advertisementfortheir learning.Move around as the small groups arepreparing their presentations. Which appearsto be the most lively and entertaining? It is agood idea to ask this group to present last,thereby ending the session on a bright note.
from VSO Ghanamay help to organise small group activity.
Before the task:
‘Break out’ rooms or spaces are available toaccommodate the small groups.
Each small group forms a circle to ‘close’ it off from theother small groups and to enable contributions to beheard by all.
The task should be clearly visible on a flipchart,distributed to all participants as a handout.
Before beginning, invite the groups to clarify the task;nominate a chair, observer or reporter as appropriate;and check they have all necessary resources to completethe task.
Ensure that the time available to the groups is adequateto the task.
During the task:
Time limits are set, and notice is given to each group toconclude the task – “You have five minutes left”, “Youhave one minute left”, “Time is up”. Flexibility must beconsidered where appropriate.
The facilitator is available to the groups during the task.
Groups are monitored for difficulties, misunderstandings,apathy, disagreements etc.
After the task:
The whole group reforms to present their findings asappropriate.
Creative approaches to presentations and feedback avoidrepetition.
The facilitator synthesises and concludes on thepresentations to close the session.