Part V—The Analysis of Research Data
dis-cusses methods of analyzing qualitative andquantitative data. Chapters 19,20,and 21 pre-sent an overview of univariate,inferential,andmultivariate statistical analyses,respectively.Chapter 22 describes the development of anoverall analytic strategy for quantitative studies.Chapter 23 discusses methods of doing qualita-tive analyses,with speciﬁc information aboutgrounded theory,phenomenologic,and ethno-graphic analyses.•
Part VI—Communicating Research
focuseson two types of research communication.Chapter 24 discusses how to write about re-search and,greatly expanded in this edition,howto publish a research report and prepare a thesisor dissertation. Chapter 25 offers suggestionsand guidelines on preparing research proposals.•
Part VII—Using Research Results
is intendedto sharpen the critical awareness of nurses withregard to the use of research ﬁndings by practic-ing nurses. Chapter 26 discusses the interpretationand appraisal of research reports. The conclud-ing chapter (Chapter 27) offers suggestions onutilizing research to build an evidence-basedpractice,and includes guidance on performingintegrative reviews.
This textbook was designed to be helpful to thosewho are learning how to do research,as well as to thegrowing number of nurses who are learning to ap-praise research reports critically and to use researchﬁndings in practice. Many of the features success-fully used in previous editions have been retained inthis seventh edition. Among the basic principles thathelped to shape this and earlier editions of this bookare (1) an unswerving conviction that the develop-ment of research skills is critical to the nursing pro-fession; (2) a fundamental belief that research is anintellectually and professionally rewarding enter-prise; and (3) a judgment that learning about researchmethods need be neither intimidating nor dull.Consistent with these principles,we have tried to pre-sent the fundamentals of research methods in a way
future of nursing research,introduces the topicof using research evidence for nursing practice,discusses the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative research versus quantitative research,and describes the major purposes of nursingresearch. Chapter 2 introduces readers to keyterms,with new emphasis on terms related to thequality of research evidence. Chapter 3 presentsan overview of steps in the research process for both qualitative and quantitative studies.•
Part II—Conceptualizing a Research Study
further sets the stage for learning about theresearch process by discussing issues relating toa study’s conceptualization:the formulation of research questions and hypotheses (Chapter 4);the review of relevant research (Chapter 5); andthe development of theoretical and conceptualcontexts (Chapter 6).•
Part III—Designs for Nursing Research
pre-sents material on the design of qualitative andquantitative nursing research studies. Chapter 7discusses issues important to the design of research that is ethically sound. Chapter 8describes fundamental principles and applica-tions of quantitative research design,whileChapter 9 describes mechanisms of researchcontrol for quantitative studies. Chapter 10 ex-amines quantitative research with different pur-poses. Chapter 11 is devoted to research designsfor qualitative studies,with new materialaddedon critical theory,feminist,and participatoryaction research. Chapter 12 discusses mixedmethod research designs in which methods for qualitative and quantitative inquiry are blended.Chapter 13 presents designs and strategies for selecting samples of study participants.•
Part IV—Measurement and Data Collection
deals with the gathering of information in astudy. Chapter 14 discusses the overall datacollection plan,and the subsequent three chap-ters present materials on speciﬁc data collectionmethods such as self-reports (Chapter 15),observation (Chapter 16),and biophysiologicand other methods (Chapter 17). Chapter 18 dis-cusses the concept of measurement,and thenfocuses on methods of assessing data quality.