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Math 54 Lecture 3 - Trigonometric Substitution and Partial Fractions

# Math 54 Lecture 3 - Trigonometric Substitution and Partial Fractions

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Math 54 Lecture Slides for 06/21/2012 - Trigonometric Substitution and Partial Fractions
Math 54 Lecture Slides for 06/21/2012 - Trigonometric Substitution and Partial Fractions

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06/22/2013

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Trigonometric Substitution and Integration of Rational Functionsby Partial Fractions
Mathematics 54–Elementary Analysis 2
Institute of MathematicsUniversity of the Philippines-Diliman
1/25

Trigonometric Substitution
We use trigonometric substitution for integrals involving:

2
2

2
+
2

2
2
Example:
1

49
2
dx
2
dx

(
3)
2
25
5
2/25

Trigonometric Substitution
Case 1. Integrand contains the form

2
2
Let
=
sin
θ
, where
θ
π
2
,
π
2
. Note
du
=
cos
θ
θ
.
θ

2
2

2
2
=

2
2
sin
2
θ
=

2
(1
sin
2
θ
)
=

cos
2
θ
=
|
cos
θ
|=
cos
θ
3/25