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_rp Re_ the Interlocking Fmln Fdr Support Network Over the Past Seven Years, A Limited Number of Persons and Organizations Have Played a Key Role in Supporting the Fmln Fdr in El Salvador 5f0b

_rp Re_ the Interlocking Fmln Fdr Support Network Over the Past Seven Years, A Limited Number of Persons and Organizations Have Played a Key Role in Supporting the Fmln Fdr in El Salvador 5f0b

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El Salvador State Department Documents
El Salvador State Department Documents

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Published by: National Security Internet Archive on Jun 21, 2012
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05/13/2014

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THE
INTER
G
SUPPORT
NETWORK
;
incr
EEMASED
Over
the
past
seven
years,
a
limited
number
of
persons
a'nd
organizations
have
played
akey
role
in
supporting
the
FNLN/FDR
in
El
Salvador
and
in
opposing
thedemocratic
process
in
Central
America.
Disputes
about
the
political
coloration
and
agendas
of
certain
salvadoran
organizations
marked
the
early
years
of
the
El
Salvador
debate.
Laterevidence,
however,
has
now
exposed
an
array
of
some
11
front
organizations
created
by
the
PNLN/PDR
and
linked
to
variouscounterpart
organizations
in
the
U,
S.
While
many
supporters
of
these
U.
s.
counterpart
organizations
did
so
ostensfbly
in
opposition
to
a
repressive
situation
in
El
Salvador,
the
political
solution
of
the
PNLN/PDR
front
groups
being
supported
was
not
democracy,
but
a
Narxist-Leninist
political
system.Opposition
to
repression
was
simply
a
vehicle
to
mobilize
U.
s.
support
to
achieve
their
concealed
political
goals.
A
review
of.
the
leadership
and
affiliation
of
the
U.
S.
organizations
whichhave
supported
the
FNLN/FDR
front
groups
evidences
a
web
of
entanglement
which
involves
a
range
of
persons
from
members
of
the
U.
S.
Communist
Party
(CPUSA)
to
well-intentioned
activist
individuals
opposed
to
the
non»democratic
system
which
prevailed
in
El
salvador
prior
to
President
Duarte's
election
in
1984.
A
review
of
these
U.
S.
pNLN/FDR
support
organizations
suggests
that
many
were,
andsome
remain,
under
the
control
or
influence
of
the
CPUSA
and
that
the
CPUSA
tried
to
inject
itself
into
many
organizations
which
did
not
share
fully
CpUSA
objectives.
In
many
instances,
members
of
Congressendorsed
organizations
and
activities
without
sufficient
research
into
the
nature
of
the
organization
orthe
backgrounds
of
the
persons
involved.
The
ubiquitauS
SOViet
frOnt
grOuP,
the
Vrffcrld
PeaCe
COunCilr
emerges
as
a
link
inthe
chain
of
organizations
affecting
U.
S.
policy
toward
El
Salvador.
TheWorld
Peace
Council
is
controlled
by
the
Soviet
Committee
for
the
Defense
of
peace,
which
is
a
Noscow
based
"public'
organization
thatreceives
direction
and
overall
guidance
from
the
Communist
Party
of
the
soviet
Union.
The
Committe
is
presided
over
by
Genrikh
Borovfk
who
was
identified
duringa
London
libel
trial
as
aformer
agent
of
the
Tenth
Department
of
the
KGB's
Second
Chief
Directorate
and
brother-in-law
of
Vladimir
Kyuchkov,
head
of
the
KGB's
pirst
Chief
Directorate,
responsible
for
all
Soviet
intelligence
activities
abroad.
The
MOrld
PeaCeCOunoil
Wae
headed
until
APril
24,
1986s
by
Romesh
Chandra,
a
member
of
the
Central
Committee
of
the
Communist
party
of
India.
In
a
reorganization
of
the
MpC
orchestrated
by
the
International
Department
of
the
Communist
Party
of
the
soviet
Union
(cpsu)(headed
by
former
soviet
Ambassador
to
the
U.
S.
Anatoly
Dobrynin),
Chandra
was
continued
as
Mpc
president.Effective
control,
however,
was
given
to
Finnish
soviet-line
communist
party
member
Johannes
pakaslahti
UntteA
States
Department
of
State
Office
of
PIE,
Privacy,
Ar
Ciaeafication
Review
Reviea'
Authority:
COX,DAVID
Date
04/26/SA
Case
.
8@SSIC
UNCLASSIFIED
'
trprznssD
a&
ac~don
e~"
"'v""
SPedn)
PrOIeCV
(layed
 
who
was
elected
to
the
restoredposition
of
Secretary
General.
chandra
was
made
WpC
president
in
1977
when
the
secretary
General
position
was
abolishedin
a
previous
reorganization.
pormer
cuernavaca
Bishop
sergio
Nendez
Arceo
is
Honorary
president
of
the
world
peace
council
.
Former
Berkeley,
California,
Mayor
Eugene
Gus
Newport
appears
as
another
linkin
the
chain,
serving
as
Vice
chairman
of
the
World
Peace
Councilias
co-chairman
of
the
world
peace
council
U.
s.
affiliate,
the
U.
S.
Peace
Council,
and
as
Executive
Director
of
the
FHLN/FDR
support
group
New
Elsalvador
Today
(NEST).
While
mayor,
Newport's
political
career
was
supported
by
Rep.
Ron
Dellums
whose
Eighth
Congressi.
onal
District
includes
Berkeley.
In
1978
Representatives
Dellums,
John
Conyers
(D-NI),
Don
Edwards
(D-CA),
and
Charles
Rangel
(D-MY)
set
up
a
World
Peace
Council
leadership
meeting
in
Washington,
D.
C.
That.
meeting
waz
attended
by
world
peace
council
president
Chandra,
Oleg
Kharkhardin
of
the
CPSU
Central
Committee,
and
KGB
Colonel
Radomir
Bogdanov.
In
1981
Dellums,
together
with
Representatives
Conyers,
Edwards,
George
Crockett
(D-MI},
Ted
Weiss
(D-NY),Hickey
Leland
(D-TX),
and
Nervyn
Dymally
(D-CA),
organized
a
meeting
in
the
Rayhurn
Bouse
Office
Building
for
then
World
peace
Council
Chairman
Chandra
to
lobby
members
of
Congress.
In
1986
Rep.
Dellums'
Administrative
Assistant
carlottia
scott
attended
the
World
peace
council
World
Congress
in
Copenhagen
on
behalf
of
Dellums,
who
was
listed
as
a
member
of
the
International
Preparatory
Committee
of
the
Copenhagen
Congress.
Newport's
NEST
organization
providessupport
to
the
popular
Liberation
Forces
(pPL)
faction
of
the
PMLNi
primarily
through
a
si,
zter
city-type
program
that
links
Berkeley,
California,
with
San
Antonio
Los
Ranchos,
Chalatenango(
Cambridge,
Massachusetts,
with
san
Jose
Las
Flores,
chalatenango)
Madison+
Wisconsin,
with
Arcatao,
Chalatenango
and
Baltimore,
Maryland,
with
El
Barillo,
cuscatlan.
All
four
towns
are
inareas
influenced
by
the
FPL.
NEST'sBoard
of
Endorsers
includes
Representatives
Dellumsand
Dymally,
and,
among
others,
SANS
Executive
Director
David
Cortright,
Susana
Cepeda
(Rainbow
Coalition/SANE/women'
s
International
Democratic
Pederation/Washington
D.
C.
Council
of
Hispanic
Agencies),
Bill
Zimmerman
(Chairman,
Hedical
Aid
to
El
Salvador
(NABS)),
Christina
Courtright
(President,
MAES),
Ed
Asner
(Board
of
Directors,
NABs)
and
Blase
Donpene
(founder
and
Director,
Office
of
the
Americas).
Bonpane
is
a
former
Maryknoll
priest
and
liberation
theologian,
who
in
1982
was
asked
by
Rosario
Nurillo,
common-law
wife
of
Daniel
Ortegat
to
organize
delegations
of
prominentAmericans
to
visit
Nicaragua.
The
office
of
the
Americas
was
created
primarily
for
this
purpose.
In
1984
Bonpane
organized
a
nine-city
tour
infavor
of
the
Sandinista
government
that
includedJackson
Brown,
Diane
Ladd,
and
MAEs-endorsers
Mike
parr
then-Georgia
State
Senator
Julian
Bond.
RRIZASzD
El
Sal~
SpccLS
pro(oct
(')c~q
UNCI.
ASSIFIED
 
Two
key
CPUSA
members
served
together
with
Eugene
Gus"
Newporton
the
U.
s.
peace
council:
Michael
Myerson,
a
longtime
Communist
activist
and
member
of
the
CPUSA
Political
Committee,
and
Alexandra
'sandy"
pollack
of
the
cpUsA
central
committee.
After
helping
to
found
the
U.
s.
peace
councilin
1979,
Myerson
was
named
its
Executive
Director
and
Pollack
the
International
Solidarity
Coordinator.
Pollack
died
in
a
plane
crash
in
Cuba
on
January
19,
1985,
while
en
route
to
Hanagua.
In
addition
to
her
U.
s.
peace
council
role,
Pollack
was
a
founding
member
in
1980
of
the
Committee
in
Solidarity
with
the
people
of
ElSalvador
(cISpss).
After
helping
to
found
the
U.
S.
Peace
Council
in
1979
and
CISPES
in
1980,
CPUSA
member
Pollack
helped
found
the
World
Front
in
solidarity
with
thepeople
of
El
salvador,
in
Mexico
City
in
1982.
Another
founder
and
first
President
of
the
World
Front
was
Bill
Zimmerman,
who,
in
1981,
had
founded
Hedical
Aid
to
El
Salvador
patterned
after
his
previous
organization
Medi
cal
Aid
to
Indochina
which
provided
aid
to
the
North
Vietnamese
and
Viet
Cong.
After
Zimmerman
was
elected
President
of
the
world
pront,
pollack
was
assigned'tothe
permanent
Bureau
of
the
World
Fronttogether
with
Honorary
World
Peace
Council
president
former
Cuernavaca
Bishop
Sergio
Mendez
Arceo.
In
addition
to
his
world
Peace
Council
andWorld
Pront
activities,
Msgr.
Mendez
Arceo.
established
a
reputation
as
a
fundraiser
andmanager
of
FMLN
bank
accounts
in
Mexico.Heidi
TarverrNationalCoordinator
of
CISPBS,
was
named
a
member
of
theExecutive
Secretariat
of
the
world
Front.
Tarver
also
appears
on
letterhead
as
one
of
the
original
endorsers
ogether
withMsgr.
Nendez
Arceo
f
the
'Salvadorean
Humanitarian
Aid,
Research
and
Education
Foundation"
{SHARE),
founded
in
1981.
Rep.
Dellums'
Administrative
Assistant
CarlottiaScott
figures
as
another
link
in
the
chain
of
FHLB/FDR
support
organizations.
scott
travelled
toEl
salvadorApril
25-May
4,
1986,
under
New
El
salvador
Today
auspices.
In
addition
to
her
participation
in
World
PeaceCouncil
activities,
Scott's
other
involvementwith
leftist
groups
in
the
hemisphere
was
well
established
in
documents
captured
following
the
death
of
Grenada's
New
Jewel
Movement
leader
Maurice
Bishop
and
the
subsequent
U.
S.
liberation
of
the
island.
On
July
10,
1986,
carlottia
scott
and
BEST
Director
Tracey
Schear
{Newport's
number
two
in
the
organization)
spoke
at
a
Capitol
Hill
cocktail
'to
welcome
New
El
salvador
Today
to
Washington,
D.
C.
"
The
sponsors
of
the
NEST
gathering
were
Representatives
Dellums,
Dymally,
and
Conyers
and
the
National
Rainbow
Coalition,
Inc.
,
together
with
David
Cortright
(Executive
Director,
SANE),
Hilda
Howland
{Member-at-large,
Council
of
the
District
of
Columbia);Lindsay
Mattison
UNCLASSIFIED
xxrzAsED
SSal~.
H
Spode)
Pro)eel
{)%5'

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