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Art of Writing

Art of Writing

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Published by Adrian Matsson

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Categories:Types, Reviews, Book
Published by: Adrian Matsson on Jun 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Statsvetenskapliga Föreningen 2011Lund University
h  of 
 writing&speaking
 
1
Preface 
The original version of this publication was produced in the academic year 1995/96 through a fruitful cooperation between senior lecturer Gertrud Petterssonof the Department of Scandinavian Languages and tutors at the Department of Political Science in Lund. In this 2011 edition the text has been adapted andsupplemented in several places. This revision was produced in cooperation withSusanna Karlsson at the Department of Scandinavian Languages.In the study of Political Science, particular weight is placed on the student'scapacity to produce, both orally and in writing, critical review and presentation of scientific texts. The structure for best achieving this varies between differentdisciplines, as well as between different tutors/researchers. This publication – Theart of writing and speaking – we regard however as a normative and valuableuser's guide on all levels in the Political Science discipline, not least inconjunction with thesis writing. The text has been translated from Swedish byFiona Thesslin.Jakob Gustavsson and Maria Hedlund
 
2
Contents
1 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 4
1.1 The objective of this publication ......................................................................................... 4
1.2 Different kinds of writing.................................................................................................... 5
1.3 How does one achieve a good text? .................................................................................... 6
1.4 Writing in a group ............................................................................................................... 8
1.5 Thesis supervising ............................................................................................................... 9
1.6 Evaluation criteria at examination .................................................................................... 11
2 The art of writing a text ................................................................................. 12
2.1 The communication situation ............................................................................................ 12
2.2 Formal and familiar ............................................................................................................. 13
2.2.1 Jargon and imported words ......................................................................................................... 14
2.2.2 Personal style ............................................................................................................................... 14
2.2.3 Formal style ................................................................................................................................. 16 
2.3 Good and bad .................................................................................................................... 16
2.3.1 Chapter opening and closing ....................................................................................................... 17 2.3.2 The paragraph
……………………………………………………………………………...........
17 
 
2.3.3 Headings ...................................................................................................................................... 19
2.3.4 Cross references ........................................................................................................................... 20
2.3.5 Sentence construction ................................................................................................................... 20
2.3.6 Coordination ................................................................................................................................ 21
2.3.7 Pronouns ...................................................................................................................................... 24
2.3.8 Tense ............................................................................................................................................ 27 
2.4 Right and wrong .................................................................................................................. 28
2.4.1 Open form compounds ................................................................................................................. 29
2.4.2 Hyphen ......................................................................................................................................... 29
2.4.3 Dash ............................................................................................................................................. 30
2.4.4 Semicolon and colon .................................................................................................................... 30
2.4.5 Punctuation .................................................................................................................................. 31
2.4.6 Hyphenation algorithm ................................................................................................................ 33
2.4.7 Quotation marks ........................................................................................................................... 34
2.4.8 Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................... 35
2.4.9 Figures ......................................................................................................................................... 35
2.4.10 Dating ......................................................................................................................................... 35
3 The art of writing a scientific text ................................................................. 37
3.1 Objectivity ......................................................................................................................... 37
3.2 Linguistic autonomy .......................................................................................................... 38
3.3 Technique of quoting ........................................................................................................ 39
3.4 Scientific (dis)honesty ....................................................................................................... 42
3.5 References and reference lists ........................................................................................... 44
3.5.1 Books and journals ....................................................................................................................... 47 
3.5.2 Several authors or absence of author. ......................................................................................... 49
3.5.3 Organisation as author ................................................................................................................ 50
3.5.4 Several dates or absence of dates ................................................................................................ 51
3.5.5 Anthologies and encyclopedias .................................................................................................... 53
3.5.6 Public documents ......................................................................................................................... 54
3.5.7 Newspapers .................................................................................................................................. 59
3.5.8 Internet sources ............................................................................................................................ 59
3.5.9 Verbal sources .............................................................................................................................. 61
3.5.10 TV, radio and film ...................................................................................................................... 63
3.5.11 Third party references ................................................................................................................ 64
3.5.12 Other types of document ............................................................................................................. 64
4 Thesis design ................................................................................................... 67
4.1 Components of the thesis .................................................................................................. 67
4.1.1 The text ......................................................................................................................................... 67 
4.1.2 The components that make a text into a thesis ............................................................................. 69
4.2 Indicating the building blocks of content .......................................................................... 71
4.3 Typography of the text ...................................................................................................... 74
4.4 Tables, diagrams and figures ............................................................................................. 75

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