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Accessibility in India : Issues Status Way Forward

Accessibility in India : Issues Status Way Forward

Ratings: (0)|Views: 34 |Likes:
Published by Vaishnavi Jayakumar

****
Accessibility Guidelines

Name of Guideline Developed by Published Revised

IS 4963: Recommendations for Buildings & Bureau of Indian 1968 1 2
Facilities for the Physically Handicapped Standards (BIS)

National Building Code BIS 1970 2005

Guidelines and Space Standards for Barrier Central Public Works 1 8 1 8
Free Built Environment Department (CPWD)

Planning a Barrier Free Environment Office of Chief 2001 2001
Commissioner, PwD

Delhi Building Byelaws (proposed) Delhi Municipal 2005 ---------
Corporation (MCD)

None Identified as a Standard under the PwD Act →No legal
standing.
Not based on local research on Indian Population
Research done by us indicates:
– Few parameters (e.g. 1500 mm turning radius, knee recess, etc) did not
accommodate even 50% of the sample group studied.
– Only 11% architects aware of any access guidelines

Primary Legislation- The PwD Act (1995)

Chapter V – Education
– Ensure under 18 year olds have access to free education in
Appropriate Environment
– The removal of architectural barriers from schools, colleges or
other institution, imparting vocational and professional training

Chapter VI – Employment
– 3% reservation in every government & public sector establishment
– “Health and safety measures and creation of a non-handicapping
environment in places where persons with disabilities are
employed.”

Chapter VIII – Non Discrimination
– Adapt rail compartments, vessels & aircrafts to permit easy access
– Adapt toilets in rail compartments, vessels, aircrafts & waiting
rooms for wheelchair users
– Auditory signals at red lights for VI
– Curb cuts & slopes in pavements for wheelchair users
– Engraving on surface of zebra crossing for VI
– Engraving on edges of railway platforms for VI
– Devising appropriate symbols of disability
7 – Warning signals at appropriate places



Other Policies

Sarva Sikhsha Abhiyan
– All the schools in the country will be made disabled friendly by
2020 and all educational institutions including hostels, libraries,
laboratories and buildings will have barrier free access for the
disabled.
– Also promises accessible study materials and transport facility.

National Policy for People with Disabilities (2006)
– It is supposed to clarify the framework under which the State
Governments and the private sector must operate to ensure
implementation of the Act.
– One of the salient features of the policy is “Barrier Free
Environment” where it restates that to the maximum extent
possible, roads, highways, buildings/places/ transportation systems
for public use should be made barrier-free.
– The national

****
Accessibility Guidelines

Name of Guideline Developed by Published Revised

IS 4963: Recommendations for Buildings & Bureau of Indian 1968 1 2
Facilities for the Physically Handicapped Standards (BIS)

National Building Code BIS 1970 2005

Guidelines and Space Standards for Barrier Central Public Works 1 8 1 8
Free Built Environment Department (CPWD)

Planning a Barrier Free Environment Office of Chief 2001 2001
Commissioner, PwD

Delhi Building Byelaws (proposed) Delhi Municipal 2005 ---------
Corporation (MCD)

None Identified as a Standard under the PwD Act →No legal
standing.
Not based on local research on Indian Population
Research done by us indicates:
– Few parameters (e.g. 1500 mm turning radius, knee recess, etc) did not
accommodate even 50% of the sample group studied.
– Only 11% architects aware of any access guidelines

Primary Legislation- The PwD Act (1995)

Chapter V – Education
– Ensure under 18 year olds have access to free education in
Appropriate Environment
– The removal of architectural barriers from schools, colleges or
other institution, imparting vocational and professional training

Chapter VI – Employment
– 3% reservation in every government & public sector establishment
– “Health and safety measures and creation of a non-handicapping
environment in places where persons with disabilities are
employed.”

Chapter VIII – Non Discrimination
– Adapt rail compartments, vessels & aircrafts to permit easy access
– Adapt toilets in rail compartments, vessels, aircrafts & waiting
rooms for wheelchair users
– Auditory signals at red lights for VI
– Curb cuts & slopes in pavements for wheelchair users
– Engraving on surface of zebra crossing for VI
– Engraving on edges of railway platforms for VI
– Devising appropriate symbols of disability
7 – Warning signals at appropriate places



Other Policies

Sarva Sikhsha Abhiyan
– All the schools in the country will be made disabled friendly by
2020 and all educational institutions including hostels, libraries,
laboratories and buildings will have barrier free access for the
disabled.
– Also promises accessible study materials and transport facility.

National Policy for People with Disabilities (2006)
– It is supposed to clarify the framework under which the State
Governments and the private sector must operate to ensure
implementation of the Act.
– One of the salient features of the policy is “Barrier Free
Environment” where it restates that to the maximum extent
possible, roads, highways, buildings/places/ transportation systems
for public use should be made barrier-free.
– The national

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Published by: Vaishnavi Jayakumar on Jun 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/09/2013

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Accessibility post the Personswith Disability Act in India
- Issues, Status & the Way Forward
Presented by:
Shivani GuptaDirector & Co-Founder,AccessAbilityshivani@accessability.co.in
 
2
About AccessAbility
An organisation working towards inclusion of PwD through:
 –
Providing infrastructural accessibility
 –
Promoting job opportunities
 –
Sensitization and awareness
 –
Research
The services we provide for Infrastructural Accessibility include:
 –
Access Audits & Appraisals;
 –
Access Consultancy - Implementation Strategies,- Architectural support services;
 –
Research
 –
developing local technical standards;
 –
Subject training
 –
architects, designers, town planners;
 –
Information dissemination
 –
website, online discussion forum, etc.
Some of our recent clients:
 –
ITC Welcomgroup Hotels - Park Hotels
 –
Indian School of Business - Guwahati Master Plan 2025
 –
Jamia Milia Islamia University - Delhi University
 –
VFS India Pvt. Ltd. - MSJE
 –
National Institute for the Visually Handicapped
 
3
Content
Understanding Accessibility
The Law
 –
The Persons with disabilitiesAct
 –
Other Policies
Accessibility Roadmap
 –
Successes and Failures
The Gaps
 –
Legal Loopholes
 –
Accessibility Guidelines
 –
The Professionals
The Way Forward

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