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Accessibility Comparative Analysis in Building Bye-Laws, INDIA

Accessibility Comparative Analysis in Building Bye-Laws, INDIA

Ratings: (0)|Views: 119 |Likes:
Published by Vaishnavi Jayakumar
http://urbanindia.nic.in/programme/ud/Research%20Study_Building%20Regulations_Access%20Standards.pdf

Accessibility Research Comparative Analysis (Building Bye-Laws)
****

TO RESEARCH STUDY

 
3.1 Indian Statute Law

There is a substantial and ever-changing Indian statute law which bears on the commissioning,
design, construction and management of the built environment. This includes legislation and
regulations on planning and development, construction standards, health and safety, equality of
status and opportunity, transport, sustainability, conservation and environmental protection. The
Building Regulations needs to be regularly updated to take better account of the needs and
rights of persons with disabilities.

Building Regulations or Building Bye-Laws
Building Bye-Laws are tools used to regulate coverage, height, building bulk and architectural
design and construction aspects of buildings so as to achieve orderly development of an area
with in a city/State.

These are formulated and implemented by local authorities for application with in their respective
limits. Each local authority follows the Municipality Act for its area. Building Bye-Laws are
essentially based on the National Building Code. They stipulate administrative procedures to
regulate building construction activities. Local government authorities have the power to
implement and enforce these procedures.
'Comprehensive building regulations have not yet been formulated that address the needs of
persons with disabilities.

Why are these essential?
Building Bye-Laws is mandatory in nature and serves to protect buildings against fire,
earthquake, noise, structural failures and other hazards. In India, there are still many small and
medium sized towns, which do not have Building Bye-Laws. In the absence of any regulatory
mechanism such towns are confronted with excessive coverage, encroachment and haphazard
development resulting in chaotic conditions, inconvenience for the users, inaccessible or
barrier-filled design structures and disregard for building aesthetics etc.

Who abides by the regulations?
Building Bye-Laws is useful for State Governments, Urban Local Bodies, Development
Authorities, State Town Planning Departments and other Planning Agencies in various parts of
the country. Planners, building designers, engineers & architects refer and comply with Building
Bye-Laws. Hence, while designing, planning and construction; Building Bye-Laws regulates the
parameters/ standards of a building.

Town & Country Planning Organization (TCPO) has prepared "Model Building Bye-Laws" in the
year 2004, for the guidance of the State Governments, Urban Local Bodies, Development
Authorities, etc. This was to facilitate the local bodies to play an effective role in adopting, enforcing and implementation of the Building-Bye Laws.

3.2 Need for the Research Study

It is found that there are various codes, guidelines, manuals and standards issued by various
Central & State Ministries and agencies for built environment.

These are:

• Bureau of Indian Standards, National Building Code, 2005
• CPWD Guidelines and Space Standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for
Disabled and Elderly persons, 1998

• Manual Barrier Free Environment, O/o the Chief Commissioner for Persons with
Disabilities, 2002

• Model Building Bye-Laws, 2004 (TCPO, Ministry of Urban Development)

These documents are outdated, need revision and lead to multiplicity in adhering to standards
by the implementing agencies and stakeholders. There is an urgent need to review, analyze,
harmonies and update all the above into a comprehensive single document and present the
same to Government of India for incorporation and making it mandatory in Model Building Bye-
Laws.

The National Building Code that accompany the Building R
http://urbanindia.nic.in/programme/ud/Research%20Study_Building%20Regulations_Access%20Standards.pdf

Accessibility Research Comparative Analysis (Building Bye-Laws)
****

TO RESEARCH STUDY

 
3.1 Indian Statute Law

There is a substantial and ever-changing Indian statute law which bears on the commissioning,
design, construction and management of the built environment. This includes legislation and
regulations on planning and development, construction standards, health and safety, equality of
status and opportunity, transport, sustainability, conservation and environmental protection. The
Building Regulations needs to be regularly updated to take better account of the needs and
rights of persons with disabilities.

Building Regulations or Building Bye-Laws
Building Bye-Laws are tools used to regulate coverage, height, building bulk and architectural
design and construction aspects of buildings so as to achieve orderly development of an area
with in a city/State.

These are formulated and implemented by local authorities for application with in their respective
limits. Each local authority follows the Municipality Act for its area. Building Bye-Laws are
essentially based on the National Building Code. They stipulate administrative procedures to
regulate building construction activities. Local government authorities have the power to
implement and enforce these procedures.
'Comprehensive building regulations have not yet been formulated that address the needs of
persons with disabilities.

Why are these essential?
Building Bye-Laws is mandatory in nature and serves to protect buildings against fire,
earthquake, noise, structural failures and other hazards. In India, there are still many small and
medium sized towns, which do not have Building Bye-Laws. In the absence of any regulatory
mechanism such towns are confronted with excessive coverage, encroachment and haphazard
development resulting in chaotic conditions, inconvenience for the users, inaccessible or
barrier-filled design structures and disregard for building aesthetics etc.

Who abides by the regulations?
Building Bye-Laws is useful for State Governments, Urban Local Bodies, Development
Authorities, State Town Planning Departments and other Planning Agencies in various parts of
the country. Planners, building designers, engineers & architects refer and comply with Building
Bye-Laws. Hence, while designing, planning and construction; Building Bye-Laws regulates the
parameters/ standards of a building.

Town & Country Planning Organization (TCPO) has prepared "Model Building Bye-Laws" in the
year 2004, for the guidance of the State Governments, Urban Local Bodies, Development
Authorities, etc. This was to facilitate the local bodies to play an effective role in adopting, enforcing and implementation of the Building-Bye Laws.

3.2 Need for the Research Study

It is found that there are various codes, guidelines, manuals and standards issued by various
Central & State Ministries and agencies for built environment.

These are:

• Bureau of Indian Standards, National Building Code, 2005
• CPWD Guidelines and Space Standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for
Disabled and Elderly persons, 1998

• Manual Barrier Free Environment, O/o the Chief Commissioner for Persons with
Disabilities, 2002

• Model Building Bye-Laws, 2004 (TCPO, Ministry of Urban Development)

These documents are outdated, need revision and lead to multiplicity in adhering to standards
by the implementing agencies and stakeholders. There is an urgent need to review, analyze,
harmonies and update all the above into a comprehensive single document and present the
same to Government of India for incorporation and making it mandatory in Model Building Bye-
Laws.

The National Building Code that accompany the Building R

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Published by: Vaishnavi Jayakumar on Jun 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/24/2014

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Research Report by:Anjlee Agarwal, Access Consultant
 
Accessibility Research and Framing of Model Building Bye Laws Page 2
This Research has been done under the aegis of the project titled“International NGO Partnership agreement Programme”with the financial support of Department for International Development, U.K.and being implemented by VSO- India and Samarthyam
 
 
Accessibility Research and Framing of Model Building Bye Laws Page 3
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This research and building standards & regulations is intended for reference by decision-makers and programme personnel working on public buildings, especially those in urbanplanning and management, architecture, research & training, and NGO networking. Self-help organizations of persons with disabilities and accessibility consultants involved inaddressing access issues will also find this research and revised building standards &regulations useful.I sincerely acknowledge my appreciation for VSO, India for making it possible toundertake this research study. My heartfelt thanks go to Mrs. Rakhi Sarkar, Mrs. NaliniPaul and Mrs. Purba Sen Mitra.I extend my deep gratitude to Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India for welcoming this initiative and providing valuable inputs & suggestions. My heartfelt thanksgo to Mr. A. K. Mehta, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. This research would not have been possible without the specific and pertinenttechnical inputs from:Mr. Ashutosh Joshi, Director, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of IndiaMr. M. L. Chotani, Director cum Member Secretary, Association of Municipalities andDevelopment Authorities (AMDA)Mr. Jay B. Kshirsagar, Chief Planner, Town & Country Planning, Ministry of UrbanDevelopment, Government of IndiaSpecial appreciation needs to be mentioned to everyone who has contributed in variouscapacities such as technical information, coordinating, editing and many other tasks thatare needed to put a research together.This study would not have been possible without the involvement of access experts of Samarthyam, National Centre for Accessible Environments, India:Mr. Debabrata Chakravarti, Director Ms. Nidhi Madan, Architect & Landscape ArchitectMr. Ashwani Kumar, Director I extend a sincere word of gratitude to all those who have given their valuable time, inputsand suggestions in this research. Anjlee AgarwalSamarthyamEmail: samarthyaindia@yahoo.comWebsite: www.samarthyam.org

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