four times as long as conventional paper (fibrous) notes. The polymer notes are cleaner than paper notes and easily recyclable.Australia’s currency comprises coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and one and two dollar denominations; and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar denominations.
The population of Australia is estimated to be 22,933,010 as of 14 June 2012.
Australia is the50th most populous country in the world. Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas andis expected to exceed 28 million by 2030.
Australia's population has grown from an estimated population of about 350,000 at the time of British settlement in 1788 due tonumerous waves of immigrationduring the period since. Alsodue to immigration, the European component of the population is declining as a percentage, as it isin many other Western countries.Australia has scarcely more than two persons per square kilometre of total land area. With 89% of its population living in urban areas, Australia is one of the world'smost urbanisedcountries.
Thelife expectancy of Australia in 1999–2001 was 79.7 years, among the highest in the world.For almost two centuries the majority of settlers, and later immigrants, came from the British Isles.As a result the people of Australia are mainly a mixture of British and Irish ethnic origin. In the2006 Australian census, the most commonly nominated ancestry was Australian (37.13 per cent),
Australia's population has quadrupled since the end of World War I,
much of the increase fromimmigration. Following World War II and through to 2000, almost 5.9 million of the total population settled in the country as new immigrants, meaning that nearly two out of every sevenAustralians were born in another country.
Most immigrants are skilled,
but the immigrationquota includes categories for family members andrefugees.
By 2050, Australia's population iscurrently projected to reach around 42 million.
In 2005, 24% of Australians were born elsewhere;
Following the abolitionof theWhite Australia policyin 1973, numerous government initiatives have been established toencourage and promote racial harmony based on a policy of multiculturalism.
In 2005–06, morethan 131,000 people emigrated to Australia, mainly fromAsia and Oceania.
The migrationtarget for 2012–13 is 190,000,
compared to 67,900 in 1998–99.
The Indigenous population—mainland Aboriginesand Torres Strait Islanders —was counted at
410,003 (2.2 per cent of the total population) in 2001, a significant increase from 115,953 in the1976 census.
A large number of Indigenous people are not identified in the Census due to