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Test Questions

Test Questions

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Published by: novvotik on Jun 21, 2012
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02/06/2014

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)TESTQUESTIONS
 
)
 
TESTIForeachofthefollowingquestions,selecttheletterthatrepresentsthebestofthefourpossibleanswers.1.Aconvincingbodyofbehavioralresearchpointstothevalidityoftheself-fulfillingprophecy.Onceanexpectationisset,even
if
it'snotaccurate,wetendtoactinwaysthatareconsistentwiththatexpectation.Inoneexperiment,forexample,aHarvardprofessortoldagroupofstudentsthathehaddevelopedastrainofextremelyintelligentratsthatcouldrunthroughmazesquickly.Hethendistributedperfectlynormalratsatrandom,tellinghalfthestudentstheyhadthe"supermaze"rats,andtheother
half
thattheyhad"mazedull"rats.Thesuperratsimproveddaily
in
runningthroughthemaze,andbytheendoftheexperimentwerefarsuperior
in
speedtothe"dull"rats.Healsofoundthatstudents"whobelievedtheywereworkingwithintelligentanimalslikedthembetterandfoundthemmorepleasant.Theyfeltmorerelaxedwiththem,treatedthemmoregentlyandweremoreenthusiasticabouttheexperimentthanstudentswhothoughttheyhaddullratstoworkwith."
This
typeofexperimenthasbeendonemanytimes.Inoneinstance,teachersweregiventhelockernumbersofstudentsandtoldthatthesenumberswerethestudents'IQ's.Thestudentswiththehigher"IQ's"didmuchbetterthanthosewiththelower"IQ's."Studieshavealsofoundthattheexpectationssupervisorsandmanagershaveoftheiremployeescanplayacriticalroleinhowwelltheemployeesperform,Onedramaticillustrationofthisoccurrednthe
1960's,
whenaprofessoratTulaneUniversitybelievedhecouldteachauniversitycustodianwithnocomputerexperiencetobecomeacomputeroperator.Theuniversityinitiallyrefusedtocooperatebecausetheemployeehadfailedthetestmiserably.Theprofessorthreatenedtoquitunlessgiventheopportunity.Theemployeenotonlybecameasuccessfulcomputeroperator,buthealsoendeduprunningthemaincomputerroomandbeingresponsibleforthetrainingofnewemployees.Supervisorsshouldnotunderestimatetheextenttowhichtheirexpectationscaninfluencetheperformanceoftheiremployees.Whichstatementisbestsupportedbytheabovepassage?a.one'sexpectationscanhaveasignificanteffectonanother'sexpectationsb.studentswithhighIQ'swillusuallyperformbetterthanthosewithlowIQ'sc.anewstrainofsuperrats
has
beendevelopedatamajoruniversityd.anyonecansucceed,
if
onlygivenachance2.Unlesssupervisorsinvolved
in
planningareabletoseparatethe"how's"fromthe"what's"andcanreservediscussiononthe«howto's"
lll1til
theyactivelydefinewhatneedstobedone,theyaregoingtoendupwithineffective,ego-centered,incompleteplanningthat
will
inevitablyleadtofutureproblems.Oncewhatneedstobedoneisclearlydetermined,thenallthetechnologicalexpertscangotoworkonhowtodoit.

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