Advisory note on bottled drinking water contaminated with Protozoa.
Contamination of bottled drinking water with protozoaIntroduction:
Several species of parasitic protozoa are transmitted through watercontaminated by human and animal excreta. Gardia intestinalis and Entamoebahistolytica the most important intestinal parasites that can be transmitted throughwater world-wide. Many of these incidents have been reported all over the world.Ground water (source of bottled water in this case) that mix with surfacewater or leak contaminated by excreta of human or animals that got into thedistribution system may contain low level of Cryptosporidium and Gardia can giverise to water-borne illness. Cysts of these organisms are very resistant todisinfectants. Disinfection alone offers no protection against Cryptosporidium andonly limited protection against Gardia. Filtration of such waters is essential to theproduction of drinking water.
How people can avoid infection:
Washing hands with soap, particularly before preparing food and afterusing toilette. Appropriate hand hygiene practices include not onlywashing hands but also keeping fingernails trimmed and clean.b.
If you get sick with diarrhea, please report to the nearest health carefacility for testing and treatment. Wash your hands frequently withsoap and water, or use alcohol-based product containing at least 60%alcohol to clean hands. Avoid bottled water with brand namesmentioned in the table above.Use other brands as they tested negative for these pathogens. Onpurchasing bottled water look for the following:i.
Production and expiry dates.c.
Individuals who wish to avoid waterborne pathogens can bring their
drinking water to a full boil (100 C˚) for one minute. Boiling water is the
most effective way to inactivate (kill) pathogens.
As an alternative, a point-of-use (personal use, end-of-tap, and under-sink) filter that removes particles one micrometer or less in diameterprovide the greatest assurance of Cry
How people get infection:
Consumption of water contaminated with Crypto and/or Gardia cystsor live forms passed through animal or human excreta.
Person to person transmission from persons passing the cysts throughexcreta or live forms of the parasites to their contacts.