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Función Eter

Función Eter

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Published by karinxxxx

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Published by: karinxxxx on Jun 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/16/2014

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FUNCIONETER
12.1DEFINICION
Loseteressoncompuestosquetienencomo
formula
general:
R-0-R'
dondeR
y
R'pueden
serradlcales
alquilos
y
arilos.
12.2NOMENCLATURA
SistemaComLln:senombra
los
radiceles
Ies;pedivos
y
[uegosecelocala
palabraETER.
dtmetil
eter
rnetil
em
eter
@-O-CH,-CH,
etiliellil
etc.
Porlasreglasmoclemasmtemadonslessenombsalosdosradicalesperc
entre
ambos
nombres
secolocalapalabraOXL
CH-O-(CH)-CH
3233
OO-CH,
metll-osi-butil
Ciclopentil-ox\....:melil
12.3PREPARACION
L
Mediantedeshidrataci6ndeunareacciondeelcoholes,enpresenciade
acldo
sulfurtco,
 
H,.5°4
C~-C~-OH
+
CH
1
-CH
2
-OIiCH]CH2-0-CH2~CH3Hp
elil-oKi-elil
2.Parla
sfntesls
de
Williamson.:
Bromurodeetilo
Fenoxdodesodio
etil-oxt-Ierul
CH-Sr+CH
-CH
-O-Na
-eH
O-CH-CH
J.
32
J
2·
3
Bromurode
metilo
Elilalodesodio
3.
Porrsaccion
de
un
elquenocanTrlflucruro
Acetate
Mercurico
y
posterior
raduccldn.
OCH]
Hg(OOC~CF:Jlz
I
CH]-CH
2
-CH=CH
2
tCHpH:
CHl-CH2-CH-CH~
NctBhI~
4.Empleodeldiazometanoparaformarrnetil
eier,es
12.4PROPfEDADES
QUIMICAS
1.
Sedegradanporacctcodeecidos:
HBr
---~2CH
j-
CH
2
Br
Bromurodeelilo
@-O-CH,-CH,
~_H_I
_@-OH+CH,cH}
 
12.,5EPOXIDOSUOXIRANOS
Son
etBr€S
clclicos:
HH
'"
/
C-C
H/\/"'H
o
Oxide
deEtilenD
EJEMPlOS:
~CH-CH.
~-,,/1
o
6xldode
estireno
CH~-CH-CI-I
l
"
/
o
6xidode
proplleno
PROBLEMA.
NornbremedianteelSistema
Corruln
y
ellUPAClos
siguienles
eteres:
a]
CH30CH2CH~CH3hIlCH
3
12CHOCH(CH:;)CH
2
CH
3
c)
CI;H~OCH2CH2~CH2-CH
3
d)
p-
N02Cr,H~OO-l3
SOLUCION.
<11
Melil-n-butil
eter,
I-metoxibulano,
b)Sec-butilisopropil
,Her,2-isopro]XJxibulano.
c]
Butil(emil
eter,butoxisenceno.
d)p-nitrometoxibenceno,
I
p-niboerisol)
PROBLEMA.
Comperelosrnecanlsmosparalalormacicndeunetermediantedesnldretacion
moleculardealcoholes.
ill
1
0
bl2'
v
c)
3°

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