the largest and most diverse ecosystemson earth. The Coral Triangle boasts an
harbours 76% of the world’s coral species.
In the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), 1,200 new species have beendiscovered in the past 20 years, while on the island of Borneo, scientistshave discovered 600 new species in that same time span. The Himalayanmountain range is another biodiversity hotspot with an incredible
freshwater for one billion people in the region.Despite the rich natural capital in the region, this report reveals that biodiversity is in decline in all types of ecosystems, including in forests,rivers and oceans, with the rate of species loss about twice the globalaverage. Furthermore, data presented on ecological footprints and
energy, as well as to build infrastructure and absorb carbon dioxideemissions, than is available within the region. This shortfall can only be made up by importing natural resources or by continuing to deplete
implications, including rising commodity prices and worseningdegradation of natural resources.The loss of natural capital in the region is the result of numerous factorsassociated with human activity. These range from the clear cutting of primary forests to make way for plantations and agricultural land to the
of 850,000 hectares of forest has disappeared every year over the last 25 years. Similarly, deforestation has been a major issue in the GMS, with8.5 million ha lost between 1990 and 2005. In the last 40 years, theCoral Triangle has lost 40% of its coral reefs, and 80% of the spawning
many other impacts, climate change is accelerating the melting of glaciersin the Himalayan region, threatening regional water and energy security and raising concerns regarding disaster impacts.
The widespread loss of natural ecosystems and biodiversity ismuch more than aconservation issue. Natural ecosystems provide sociallyand economicallyvaluable services– such as food and
clean waterand climateregulation – that are fundamental
but are oftenoverlooked indecision-making processes
In Terai, Nepal, the land was previously grazed on, leaving it barren and bereftof life. Through sustainable management the area has now been regenerated
© S i m on d eT RE Y -WHI T E / WWF - UK