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  THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE PUBLIC SAFETY ORDINANCE, 1948 : ORDINANCE No. VII OF 1948

  THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE PUBLIC SAFETY ORDINANCE, 1948 : ORDINANCE No. VII OF 1948

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Published by Qissa Khwani
Full text of the 1948 ordinance used by the provincial government of NWFP, Pakistan. Invoking draconian punishment against threats against the state. These laws were particularly used against the then Opposition activists of the Khudai Khidmatgar. Reproduced for educational purposes
Full text of the 1948 ordinance used by the provincial government of NWFP, Pakistan. Invoking draconian punishment against threats against the state. These laws were particularly used against the then Opposition activists of the Khudai Khidmatgar. Reproduced for educational purposes

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Published by: Qissa Khwani on Jun 22, 2012
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THENORTH-WESTFRONTIERPROVINCEPUBLICSAFETYORDINANCE,1948. ___ ORDINANCENo.VIIOF1948 _____ ANORDINANCEtoempowertheProvincialGovernmenttotakeactionagainstcertainpersonsandorganisationsintheinterestofpublicsafetyintheNorth-WestFrontierProvince.Preamble---WHEREAStheGovernor,North-WestFrontierProvinceissatisfiedthatcircumstancesexistwhichrenderitnecessaryforhimtotakeimmediateactionagainstpersonsandorganisationsintheinterestofpublicsafetyintheNorth-WestFrontierProvince;
ANDWHEREAStheLegislatureoftheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceisnotinsession;
Now,THEREFORE,inexerciseofthepowersconferredonhimbySection88oftheGovernmentofIndiaAct,1935,asadaptedbythePakistan(ProvisionalConstitutionOrder,1947,andinpursuanceoftheinstructionsreceivedfromtheGovernorGeneralofPakistan,theGovernor,North-WestFrontierProvinceisherebypleasedtomakeandpromulgatethefollowingOrdinance:---Shorttitle,extent,andcommencement---1.(1)ThisOrdinancemaybecitedasthe“North-WestFrontierProvincePublicSafetyOrdinance,1948”.(2)ItshallextendtothewholeoftheNorth-WestFrontierProvince.(3)Itshallcomeintoforceatonce.Definitions---2.InthisOrdinance,unlessthereisanythingrepugnantinthesubjectorcontext,thefollowingexpressionshavethemeaningsherebyrespectively
assignedtothem,thatistosay:---(a)“Property”shallmeanmoveableaswellasimmovableproperty:(b)“TribalAreas”shallmeantheareasalongthebordersoftheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceandwithintheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceofPakistan,notformingapartofthesaidProvinceoranyStateoranyforeignterritory,whichareasbeforethe15thAugust,1947,wereadministeredbyandwereunderthepoliticalchargeoftheGovernorofthesaidProvinceactingastheAgenttotheGovernor-GeneralandhavesincebeapartofPakistan.(c)“PrejudicialAct”shallincludeanyactwhichisintendedorislikely:---(i)toprejudicetherelationsoftheGovernmentofPakistanorProvincialGovernmentwithanyState,foreignpowerortribalarea,adjacenttotheNorth-WestFrontierProvince,orthemaintenanceofpeacefulconditionsinthetribalarea;(ii)toendangerpublicsafetyorthemaintenanceofpublicorder;
 
(iii)tobringintohatredofcontempt,ortoexcitedisaffectiontowardstheGovernmentestablishedbylaw;(iv)topromotefeelingsofenmityandhatredbetweendifferentclassesofpeopleintheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceorTribalAreas;(v)tocausefearoralarmtothepublicortoanysectionofthepublic;(vi)todisrupttheintegrityofPakistanasbylawestablished;(vii)toassociateitselfwithanymovementprejudicialtotheinterestsofPakistan.Explanation.---Havinginone’spossession,ormaking,wearing,carryingordisplayinganyuniform,flag,banner,emblemorbadge,associatedwithanyOrganisationdeclaredbytheGovernmenttobeharmfultotheinterestsofPakistanshallbepresumedtobeanactofthenaturedescribedintheprecedingclause(c).(e)“Offence”shallmeananyactoromissionmadepunishableunderthisOrdinance.Powertoarrestanddetaincertainpersons---3.
(1)TheProvincialGovernment,onbeingsatisfiedthatanypersonhascommittedanyprejudicialactorthatwithaviewtopreventhimfromcommittinganyprejudicialact,itisnecessarysotodo,mayorderthearrestwithoutwarrantofsuchperson,andineffectingsucharrestallmeansnecessaryforthepurposemaybeused.
(2)TheProvincialGovernment,may,commitanypersonarrested
underthelastprecedingsub-sectiontosuchcustodyinsuchpartofPakistanand
forsuchlengthoftime,astheProvincialGovernmentmay,fromtimetotime,
orderinthatbehalf.
(3)TheProvincialGovernmentmay,bygeneralorspecialorder,
determinetheconditionsastothemaintenance,disciplineandpunishmentof
offencesandbreachofdisciplinewhichshallbeapplicableinthecaseofpersons
committedtocustodyasaforesaid.Powertorestrictthemovementoractionsofcertainpersons---
4.
(1)TheProvincialGovernment,onbeingsatisfiedwithrespecttoany
personthathehascommittedorislikelytocommitanyprejudicialact,maymake
anorder:---(a)directingsuchpersonstoremovehimselffromtheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceinsuchmanner,bysuchtimeandbysuchrouteasmaybespecifiedintheorderandalsoprohibitinghisreturntotheProvinceforsuchperiodastheProvincialGovernmentdeemsfit;(b)directingthat,exceptinsofarashemaybesopermittedbythetermsoftheorder,orbysuchauthorityorpersonasmaybespecifiedtherein,heshallnotbeinanysuchareaorplacewithinsuchtimeasmaybespecifiedintheorder;(c)requiringhimtoresideorremaininsuchplaceorwithinsuchareaintheNorth-WestFrontierProvinceasmaybespecifiedintheorder,and,ifhebenotalreadythere,toproceedtothatplaceorareawithinsuchtimeasmaybespecifiedintheorder;(d)requiringhimtonotifyhismovementsortoreporthimself,orbothtonotifyhismovementsandreporthimself,orbothtonotifyhismovementsandreporthimself,insuchmanner,atsuchtimeandtosuchauthorityorpersonasmaybespecifiedintheorder;
 
(e)imposinguponhimsuchrestrictionsasmaybespecifiedintheorderinrespectofhisemploymentorbusiness,hisassociationorcommunicationwithotherpersons,hisactivitiesinrelationtothedisseminationofnewsorpropagationofopinionandinrespectofhisconnectionwithanyorganization;(f)prohibitingorrestrictingthepossessionorusebyhimofanysucharticleorarticlesasmaybespecifiedintheorder;(g)otherwiseregulatinghisconductinanysuchparticularsasmaybespecifiedintheorder;
(2)Anordermadeundersub-section(1)mayrequirethepersoninrespectofwhomitismadetoenterintoabondwithorwithoutsureties,forthedueperformanceof,orasanalternativetotheenforcementofsuchrestrictionsorconditionsspecifiedintheorder.(3)IfanypersonisfoundinanyareaorplaceincontraventionofanyordermadeundertheprovisionsofthisSectionorfailstoleaveanyareaorplaceinaccordancewiththerequirementsofsuchanorder,then,withoutprejudicetotheotherprovisionsofthisOrdinancewithregardtopunishmentetc,hemayberemovedfromsuchareaorplacebyanypoliceofficerorbyanypersonactingonbehalfoftheGovernment,toaplacespecifiedintheorder.Controlandwindingupofcertainorganizations.---5.
(1)TheProvincialGovernmentmaydeclareanyorganization,bywhatevernameithasbeenormaybe,fromtimetotimeknownorcalled,asunlawful,ifitissatisfiedwithregardtosuchorganization:---(a)thatitissubjecttoforeigninfluenceorcontrol;or(b)thatthemembersthereoforpersonsactivelyinterestedinorhelpingsuchorganizationhaveorhavehadassociationwiththeGovernmentofanyforeignState,oritsagents,orwithpersonsengagedinhostileactivitiesinthetribalareas,andsuchassociation,intheopinionoftheProvincialGovernment,wasorisagainsttheinterestsoftheGovernmentestablishedbylawintheNorth-WestFrontierProvince;or(c)thatitisorganized,trainedorenquipped[sic]forthepurposeofusurpingthefunctionsofthemilitaryorpoliceorfortheuseordisplayofforceintheNorth-WestFrontierProvince;or(d)thatitsaimorobjectistoincitepeopletocommitanyprejudicialact.(2)Nopersonshall:---
(a)joinorcontinuetobeamemberofanysuchorganization;(b)manageorassistinmanaginganysuchorganisation;(c)promoteorconveneorassistinpromotingorconveningameetingofanymembersofanysuchorganizationorattendanysuchmeetinginanycapacityexceptonofficialduty;(d)write,publishordisplayanyhand-bill,noticeoradvertisementrelatingtoanysuchmeeting;or(e)otherwiseassistinanymannertheoperationsoractivitiesofanysuchorganization.Powertocontroleducationalorotherinstitutions.---6.
TheProvincialGovernment,onbeingsatisfiedthatanyeducationalorotherins

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