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History, Development and Impact of Computed Imaging in Neurological Diagnosis and Neurosurgery- CT, MRI, And DTI

History, Development and Impact of Computed Imaging in Neurological Diagnosis and Neurosurgery- CT, MRI, And DTI

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Published by Angélica Nada Más

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Angélica Nada Más on Jun 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/12/2013

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The History, Development and Impact of Computed Imaging in Neurological Diagnosis and Neurosurgery: CT, MRI, and DTI
 byAaron G. Filler, MD, PhD, FRCSDepartment of NeurosurgeryInstitute for Nerve MedicineSanta Monica, CaliforniaCorresponding author:Aaron Filler, MD, PhD, FRCS2716 Ocean Park Blvd., #3082Santa Monica, CA 90405Ph: 310 621-1983Fx: 310 664-1916afiller@nervemed.comKey words: CT Scanning, History, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Tractography, Neurography, fMRIRunning Head: History of CT, MRI, and DTI No funding sources
 
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 The history, development and impact of computed imaging in neurological diagnosis andneurosurgery: CT, MRI, and DTI by Aaron Filler, MD, PHD, FRCSAbstract -A steady series of advances in physics, mathematics, computers and clinical imagingscience have progressively transformed diagnosis and treatment of neurological andneurosurgical disorders in the 115 years between the discovery of the X-ray and theadvent of high resolution diffusion based functional MRI. The story of the progress inhuman terms, with its battles for priorities, forgotten advances, competing claims, public battles for Nobel Prizes, and patent priority litigations bring alive the human drama of this remarkable collective achievement in computed medical imaging.
 
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 Aaron Filler, MD, PhD, FRCSThe history, development and impact of computed imaging in neurological diagnosis andneurosurgery: CT, MRI, and DTI
Introduction
Atkinson Morley's Hospital is a small Victorian era hospital building standing high on ahill top in Wimbledon, about 15 miles southwest of the original St. George's Hospital building site in central London. On October 1, 1971 Godfrey Hounsfield and JamieAmbrose positioned a patient inside a new machine in the basement of the hospital turneda switch and launched the era of modern neurosurgery and neuroimaging.Henceforth, there was a saying at Atkinson Morley's that "one CT scan is worth a roomfull of neurologists." Indeed, neurological medicine and neurological surgery wouldnever be the same. Everything that neurosurgeons had learned about diagnosis andsurgical planning before that first scan was totally transformed by that event.

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