Shade and Shadow: Basic Shapes
Shading can be a bit tricky at first but its not as difficult as it seems. Thepicture to the right shows a light bulb and several geometrical shapes;circle, triangle, cylinder, and a square.You'll notice that one side of the shape is light and the other is darkened.All you need to know or keep in mind is just that.
What the light doesn'thit, it is darkened
. In this example, all you have to do is picture the lightsource and the object which is being hit by the light -- which part will the light hit? How far will the light go?You also have to ask yourself
where is the light source coming from?
If the light is far above, the shorter the shadow is (try checking out yourshadow at noon - 12:00PM) whereas the lower the light, the longer theshadow will become. According to the light source, make your shadow fitaccordingly.Good thing to remember also:
what is the shape of the object I'm givinga shadow?
Each of the shapes in the picture each have their own uniquecast. The triangle has a pointy shadow, the circle has a circular shadow, the cylinder has a rectangular shadow,and the cube has a "L"-like shadow. At a different angle, though, the cube will cast a different shadow shape. Forinstance, if the light was head-on to one of the flat sides, it will cast a square to rectangular shadow depending onthe light source's height.With that in mind, you also need to remember:
what is the shape of the object the shadow is falling on topof?
The current example only has a flat surface on which the shadows fall but in most cases, shadows of - say acharacter - will fall on rocks or on water, which will look different compared to each other.
Tips to keep in mind:
-The darker the shadow, the brighter the light source.-As the shadow is drawn further from the object, the lighterit becomes.
Drawing the Shadow
The shadow takes on the shape of the item it comes from. If you look to the example picture to the left, you will seevarious shapes and their shadows being cast. Notice that tomake the shadow,
all you have to do is create a triangularshape
from the top of the object to the ground and back toto the base of the object.The cube is a bit more complicated as there are two and insome cases, three triangles you have to draw when at anangle.Drawing the shadow on the ground, I drew in dotted lines toindicate the shape of the shadow - which is basically thesame shape as the object itself. Again, you'll notice that thecube does its own unique cast as indicated at the bottomexample. It forms an "L" type shadow.
Shading on an object usually starts midway into the object