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Shade and Shadow

Shade and Shadow

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Published by: Kassandra Sarzaba Garcia on Jun 22, 2012
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Shade and Shadow: Basic Shapes
Basics
 Shading can be a bit tricky at first but its not as difficult as it seems. Thepicture to the right shows a light bulb and several geometrical shapes;circle, triangle, cylinder, and a square.You'll notice that one side of the shape is light and the other is darkened.All you need to know or keep in mind is just that.
What the light doesn'thit, it is darkened
. In this example, all you have to do is picture the lightsource and the object which is being hit by the light -- which part will the light hit? How far will the light go?You also have to ask yourself 
where is the light source coming from?
If the light is far above, the shorter the shadow is (try checking out yourshadow at noon - 12:00PM) whereas the lower the light, the longer theshadow will become. According to the light source, make your shadow fitaccordingly.Good thing to remember also:
what is the shape of the object I'm givinga shadow?
Each of the shapes in the picture each have their own uniquecast. The triangle has a pointy shadow, the circle has a circular shadow, the cylinder has a rectangular shadow,and the cube has a "L"-like shadow. At a different angle, though, the cube will cast a different shadow shape. Forinstance, if the light was head-on to one of the flat sides, it will cast a square to rectangular shadow depending onthe light source's height.With that in mind, you also need to remember:
what is the shape of the object the shadow is falling on topof?
The current example only has a flat surface on which the shadows fall but in most cases, shadows of - say acharacter - will fall on rocks or on water, which will look different compared to each other.
Tips to keep in mind:
 -The darker the shadow, the brighter the light source.-As the shadow is drawn further from the object, the lighterit becomes.
Drawing the Shadow
The shadow takes on the shape of the item it comes from. If you look to the example picture to the left, you will seevarious shapes and their shadows being cast. Notice that tomake the shadow,
all you have to do is create a triangularshape
from the top of the object to the ground and back toto the base of the object.The cube is a bit more complicated as there are two and insome cases, three triangles you have to draw when at anangle.Drawing the shadow on the ground, I drew in dotted lines toindicate the shape of the shadow - which is basically thesame shape as the object itself. Again, you'll notice that thecube does its own unique cast as indicated at the bottomexample. It forms an "L" type shadow.
Shading
 Shading on an object usually starts midway into the object
 
as shown on the cylinder, cone, triangle, and cube. The circle is also shaded midway but considering that it isround, the shape of the shading also becomes rounded! The result is something quite like an eclipse. Note:Shadows depicted in example image are intentionally drawn entirely dark for tutorial purposes.
Light Source and Shadow
The shape of the shadow is also affected by thelight source. When the light source is fromanything but the sun, like a light bulb, theshadow widens the further it is from the object.The sun, meanwhile, casts a "striaight" shadow inthat it remains true to the objects shape.
More Than One Light Source
A shadow is made for each light source present ina scene. If you are inside a room, for example,and there are two lights on, you will cast ashadow from each light source. This is shown onthe right-most example.Notice both of the bulbs are at the same distanceand height from the object. This fact causes theshadows from both light bulbs to be the same.When the light sources are from differentdistances and heights, the light source that iscloser to the object gives off the darker shadow.Looking at the example again, note that the area where the two shadows meet is darker than the one shadowitself. Dark + Dark = Darker. Keep this in mind when drawing groups of people who's shadows happen to overlapand intersect each other.
Summary
 Those basic shapes I have mentioned in the previous pages makes up the human anatomy. The circle, rectangle,triangle, cylinder, and square. The arms are basically cylinders, the head is an oval on top of a cylinder, etc. Fromthere, the shadow is based on those shapes. Of course it's a bit more complicated since the face isn't all one shapebut a combination.
Week 6 - Projected shadows for isometric drawings
Class one homeworkDo these shade and shadow drawings on page 21, 22 and 23 in the textbook.Requirements:1.
Light source: left-up to right-low, 45 degree parallel light.
(Think twice before you begin drawing,because some of the projected shadow drawings in the textbook are not from this same light source. You just use these shapes, and draw shade and shadows on your own.)2.
Strictly follow the notes on page 24 (or the handout of the solution page.)
 3.
Use pens of 0.5 for shapes, 0.05 for shade and shadow.
Erase all pencil lines except pencil dash 45degree lines.
 
 4. Draw on grid paper. Draw everything on one to two papers, if possible.

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