The Transfer of Technology for Sustainable Development (TTSD) project began in 1996-97 in three clusters, namely Tumkur, Dharwad and Uttar Kannada. The objective is tobring 9,000 families above the poverty line, or approximately 3,000 families per cluster.The history of BAIF started with a dream of M.K. Gandhi, to create self-sufficientvillages with abundance of food, cloth and shelter. Gandhi envisioned the future of thenation as dependent on the villages and dependent on making every village self-sufficient. From this dream began a relentless process of research, learning and workingfor the cause of rural development and thus BAIF, the organisation was born. Theorganisation currently works in seven states. The Karnataka unit, BAIF Institute forRural Development-Karnataka (BIRD-K) was started in 1980 and currently functioningin Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh covering 24 Districts. This report is based on the work done for the TTSD in the Tumkur cluster.BAIF in its quest to achieve sustainable development identified and prioritized thefollowing key areas:
Sustainable agricultural development through tree based farming systems.
Upgradation and management of cattle and other livestock resources
Soil fertility building, wasteland and watershed development, vegetative propagation,and development of sericulture and livestock through identifying and promotingappropriate technologies.
Promotion of community health and safe drinking water.
Strengthening of women and other socially challenged sections
Community management systems for natural resource management and commonproperty management
Human resource development
Problem oriented research programmes to identify better solutions
The TTDS project considers an individual family as a unit for development and designsappropriate intervention strategies to bring them above poverty line. The mix of
interventions and activities depends on each family’s specific needs. A multidisciplinary
team of professionals based in villages undertake systematic micro planning exercises tounderstand the development needs of an individual family. Family members participate
in designing and implementing the development plan. People’s Organisation (POs) play a
key role in channeling inputs into the process, in facilitating development interventionsand promoting saving and credit among members.For this project, a new approach was developed called the Jana Utthan approach becauseearlier approaches were found to exclude the poorest and because single interventionsrarely sufficed to raise all families above the poverty line. Instead a more holisticapproach aiming at improving agriculture practices and the productivity of all the assetsof a family was evolved. Therefore, the Jan Utthan approach was evolved to ensure