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Published by Vikas Arora
Chamatkaar ho gaya
Chamatkaar ho gaya

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Published by: Vikas Arora on Jun 22, 2012
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06/22/2012

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OBSTACLE
NEGOTIATION
KINEMATICS:
AGE-DEPENDENT
EFFECTS
OF
POSTURAL
THREAT
Nicole C. McKenzie
B.Sc,
B.Ed.,
University of
Lethbridge,
2000
A
ThesisSubmitted to the School of
Graduate
Studies
of
the University of Lethbridgein Partial Fulfillment of theRequirements for the Degree
MASTERS
OF
SCIENCE
Department
of KinesiologyUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridge, Alberta,
Canada
June
2002
©
Nicole C. McKenzie,
2002
 
DEDICATION
I
dedicate this thesis to my Poppa, John Joseph
Lacey.
You have taught methe meaning of dignity.
iii
 
ABSTRACT
The
effects
of postural threat and the potential consequences of obstacle
contact
on the obstacle negotiation kinematics among younger and older adults wereexamined. Seventeen older (OA; 7 males, 10 females; mean age,
68.94
± 4.85) and
fifteen
younger adults (YA; 5 males, 10 females; mean age,
22.53
± 2.77) negotiatedvirtual and real obstacles while walking at a self-determined velocity along a 7.2mwalkway
under
4 different conditions of postural threat. Postural threat wasmanipulated by varying the
width
(0.60m
versus
0.15m)
and height
(floor
versuselevated
(0.00m
versus
0.60m))
of the walkway. Postural threat altered crossingkinematics for all subjects.
Specifically,
age-related differences emerged withincreasing postural threat, however die changes observed among older adults wereconsiderably different from those of younger adults. Additionally, there was an
effect
for
the potential consequences of obstacle contact, however, no age-related
differences
emerged. These results revealed an
effect
for postural threat and obstacle
characteristics
on the negotiation strategies of younger and older adults.
Both
postural threat and obstacle characteristics
elicit
conservative crossing kinematics inyounger and older adults.
Specifically,
these findings illustrate age-dependent
differences
in obstacle negotiation strategies and that postural threat affects olderadults differently than younger adults whereas the potential consequences of
obstaclecontact
affects younger and older adults equally.
iv

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