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Children Learning Two Languages

Children Learning Two Languages

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Published by lescobar78

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Published by: lescobar78 on Jun 22, 2012
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Bulletin
•
Talk about everyday events.
Talkinghelpsbabiesandyoungchildrenconnectwordstotheirexperiences.Forexample,-Whendressing,nameanddescribeeverythingyouareputtingonyourchild—fromdiaper,jacket,pants,shoesandsocks,tocolors,buttonsandzippers.-Whenridingonthebus,inthecarortakingawalk,talkaboutwhatyouseeandfeel.Readsigns,pointoutcertainnumbers,lettersorcolors.•
Baby talk is good.
Atrst,usewordsandtouchtore
-
spondtoyourchild’scries.Onceyourchildstartsbab
-
bling,keeprespondingwithwords,gestures,sounds.Childrenwhoarerespondedtogaincondenceandde
-
lightinlanguage.•
Talk in real sentences.
Usebigwords,too,eventhoughyouknowyourchildwon’tunderstandthem.Usesimplerwordstohelpyourchildunderstand.Speakslowly,usegestures.Hearingnewwordshelpsyourchild’svocabu
-
larygrow.•
Tell stories
.Storiesintroducewordsthatmaynotariseineverydaylife.•
Ask questions and have conversations.
 Asyourchil
-
drengetolder,askthemtotellyouastoryortorepeatafamiliarstory.Encouragepreschoolchildrentotalkwithyouabouttheirfriends,experiences,ideas.•
Have fun.
Rhyming,tonguetwistersandotherformsofwordplayinyourhomelanguagewillhelpyourchildrenlearnaboutsounds.
 A project of the Federation for Children with Special Needs
 Informing Educating, Empowering Families
Helping Young Children Learn Two Languages
From birth, many children in the United States are learning two languages at thesame time—the language of their family and English. All babies are born with thepotential to learn language. Parents may fear that raising a child to learn morethan one language might confuse the child. Research, however, has found that being raised bilingual gives children many advantages. Children gain a deeperunderstanding of two cultures, acquire stronger thinking skills and have a greatergeneral sense of language. This
 Bulletin
discusses how families can help chil-dren who are dual language learners build skills to become successful learners andreaders once they start school.
First, Let’s Talk
Start talking right away! Talk in Spanish.Talk in English. Talk in Somali.
Talk inthe language that is most comfortable for you
. From birth to age three, a child’s brain is growing more quickly than atany other time. Just talking to childrenduring these years is the most importantthing parents can do to make the most of the brain-building early years. It doesn’tmatter what language parents use to talk to their children. Simply by talking andlistening to their child, parents make adifference that lasts a lifetime. A large research study found that, by agethree, children whose families frequently talked to them had a vocabulary twice aslarge as children whose families rarely spoke to them. The more words parentsuse when speaking to their infant andthe more often they talk, the bigger thechild’s vocabulary will be at age 3. The bigger the child’s vocabulary is at age 3,the bigger the vocabulary will be in 5
th
grade. These differences last through allthe child’s school years.Just putting a child in front of a TV doesn’tdo the job. Children need to interact withothers about what is happening so they can connect the words they hear to theirown experiences.
 Sensitive interactionswith adults do much more to help brainsdevelop than any toy, TV or DVD
.
Massachusetts Parent Information & Resource Center (PIRC)
 AvailableonlineinEnglish,Spanish,andPortugueseatwww.masspirc.org
Volume 11Number 2
Tips for Talking...

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