Chinese calligraphy, unlike most languages, is considered an art rather than away of writing. Someone who writes with a brush conveys a message, thatcan be optimistic, pessimistic, or any other kind of mood. A few words arepainted to express an emotion or feeling, and the writing itself requires speedand deftness, which causes the words to flow out of the artist withspontaneity.
The "Four Treasures of Study":
- The Writing Brush- One of the most important parts of calligraphy is thewriting brush. The nib of the brush can be made of most kinds of animalhair/fur, or wool. The shaft of the brush is made out of various things,including but not limited to bamboo, ivory, jade, crystal, gold silver,porcelain, etc. The brush depends on the artist's style of painting. Sometimes,artwork is engraved in the shaft of the brush to inspire the artist.- The Ink Stick- Another very important part of calligraphy is the ink stick.The ink stick is solid ink that is ground up and mixed with water andsometimes glue to create the liquid ink. Ink sticks can vary in design,sometimes having detailed engravings in the block of ink. The amount of water and other materials mixed in with the ink depends on the artist.- Paper- Paper was one of China's greatest inventions that is still very widelyused today. Before paper, many other things were used to write on, mostlytypes of stone and bamboo. Wealthy people wrote on silk, but until paper wasmade, that meant writing was not widely available to the public.- Ink Slab- The ink slab is an ornate flat stone that is used when grinding andmixing the ink stick. In Chinese history, it was commonly given as a gift toroyalty. Here's an example: