-1988k) Inclusion of a clause on repair of pipes; andm) Modification in sampling and inspection ofpipes.0.3.2 In order to accommodate the existingmoulds used by rhe manufacturers for manufacturingclass NP3 pipes given in the earlier standard, thediameters of class NP3 and NP4 pipes in thisrevision have been given as nominal internaldiameters. The actual internal diameters of thesepipes are, therefore, to be declared by the manu-facturers. However, the manufacturers shouldgradually change their moulds as it has been desiredthat after 1995, these nominal internal diametersshould be treated as actual internal diameters withtolerances specified in this standard and such mouldsshould be made suitable for manufacturing pipeswith flexible rubber ring joints.0.4 For the purpose of deciding whether a particularrequirement of this standard is complied with, thefinal value, observed or calculated, expressing theresult of a test, shall be rounded off in accordancewith IS
2-196Ol. The number of significsnt placesretained in the rounded off value should be the sameas that of the specified value in this standard.
for rounding off numerical values ( reviseci .2. TERMINOLOGYsure pipes2.0 For the pvrpose of this standard, the followingdefinitions shall apply.Np3
i Reinforced concrete,
medium-duty, non-pressure pipes2.1 Working Pressure - It is the maximum sus-tained internal pressure excluding abnormal condi-tions such as surge ( water hammer >, to which theNP4pipeline may be subjected when in use.2.2
Test Pressure- It is the pressure to beapplied to the pipeline or sections thereof, afterlaying, to test its strength and watertightness.
-The site test pressure to be imposed will
have to be determined when placing orders for pipesand fittings. in general, this pressure should not be lessthan the maximum pipelines operating pressure plus thecalculated surge pressure but in no case should exceedthe hydrostatic test pressure.
Reinforced concrete,heavy-duty, non-pressure pipesReinforced concretepressure pipes testedto a hydrostatic pres-sure of 0.2 MPa( 20 m head )2.3 Hydrostatic Test Pressure - It is the maximumpressure which the pipe can withstand without anyp2leakage when tested for hydrostatic pressure inaccordance with this standard and IS : 3597-1985l.2.4
Water Hammer ) Pressure - It is thepressure which is produced by a change of velocity~3of the moving stream and becomes maximum whenthere is a sudden stoppage which may be caused bythe closing of a valve or by shutting down a pumpstation.Reinforced concretepressure pipes testedto a hydrostatic pres-sure of
MPa( 40 m head )Reinforced concretepressure pipes testedto a hydrostatic pres-sure of 0’6 MPa( 60 m head )1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers the requirements for rein-forced and unreinforced precast cement concrete NP1Unreinforced con-pipes, of both pressure and non-pressure varietiesCrete non-pressureused for water mains, sewers, culverts and irrigation.pipes1.2 Prestressed concrete pipes and pipes with non- Np2circular section are not covered by this standard.Reinforced concrete,Jight-duty, aon-pres-
Conditions WhereNormally Used
For drainage andirrigation use, aboveground or in shallowtrenchesFor drainage andirrigation use, forculvertscarryinglight trafficFor drainage andirrigation use forculvertscarryingmedium trafficFor drainage andirrigation use, forculvertcarryingheavy traffic, suchas, railway loadingFor use on gravitymains, the site testpressure not exceed-ing two-thirds of thehydrostatic test preS-sureFor use on pumpingmains, the site testpressure not exceed-ing half of the hydro-static test pressuredo3. CLASSIFICATION
uses are only by way of recommenda-
For the purpose of this standard, concrete pipes
tions as a general guidance and the exact usage shall
shall be classified as under:
be decided by the engineer-in-charge.
3.2 Unreinforced and reinforced concrete non-pres-
IMethods of test for concrete pipes
(first revision ).
sure pipes shall be capable of withstanding a testpressure of 0’07 MPa ( 7 m head ).2