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laigik asmata

laigik asmata

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Published by: Indra Kumari Bajracharya on Jun 23, 2012
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09/08/2012

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Mathematics Education Forumaprial 2012, Vol. 1, Issue 31. Year 16, pp 41-44
ul0ft lzIffsf] n}lËs c;dfgtf 
8f= O{Gb|s'df/L ah|frfo{
e'ldsf 
n}lËs c;dfgtf eGgfn] dlxnf / k'?if lar laßdfgc;dfgtf, leGgtfnfO{ hgfpF5 . o;nfO{ z}lIfs pknlAwdf k|efa kfg]{ Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ kIf+sf] ?kdf lnGg ;lsG5 .xfnsf aif{x?df cg';+wfgstf{x?nfO{ n}lËs c;dfgtfn]ul0ft lzIf0fdf b]vfk/]sf] c;/n] cfs{lift ul//x]sf] 5 .ul0ftnfO{ clgafo{ laifosf] ?kdf sIff ! b]lv sIff !) ;DdcWofkg ul/b} cfPsf] 5 . cfd?kdf ul0ftnfO{ sl7g tyf w]/} laBfyL{x? km]n x'g] laifosf] ?kdf lng] ul/G5 .ul0ftdf /fd|f] cs+ Nofpg laBfyL{x?nfO{ OlGhlgP/,8fS6/ tyf k|flalws laifo k9g d¢t ldNg] cyf{tul0ftnfO{ k|flalws lzIffsf] pRr cWoogsf] Pp6dxTjk"0f{ ¢f/sf] ?kdf klg lng] ul/G5 . o;}n] xfd|f]laBfno txsf] lzIffdf ul0ftnfO{ s'n lzIf0f ef/sf] !%=$! k|ltzt ;do 5'6ofO{ o:sf] k9fO{ e}O{/x]sf] 5 . o;/LlaBfnotxdf dxTjk"0f{ :yfg lbPsf] ePtf klg ul0ftsf]pknAwL Go'g e}O{/x]sf] s'/f P;Pn;L sf] glthfn] ;d]tb]vfpF5 . o;kflnsf] -@)^* ;fn_ P;Pn;Lsf] glthfn] klg;aeGbf al9 ul0ft laifodf km]n ePsf] b]vfPsf] 5 . To;df 
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;x k|fWofks, dx]Gb| /Tg SofDk;, tfxfrn, sf7df08f}+
 
klg al9 5fqfx? ul0ftdfg} km]n 5g . laBfnodf 5fq5fqfx?n] Pp6} kf7oqmdsf laifoa:t'x?, Pp6} kf7ok':tsx? Tfyf pxL lzIfsaf6 ul0ft lzIf0f e}O{/x]tf klg pgLx?sf]pknlAwdf km/s e}O/x]sf]] x'G5 . af:tadf eg] xf] eg]ul0ft lzIffdf n}lËs lalebtfsf] c;/ Pp6f k|Zgsf] ?kdf v8f ePsf] 5 .
z}lIfs ;+:yfdf 
b]lvPsf] n}lËs lae]b
lzIffdf n}lËs lalebtf ePsf] s'/f ;a{lalbt} 5 .laZjsf ;a} b]zx?df dlxnfx?sf] lzIffsf] Oltxf;nfO{ s]nfP/x]bf{ klg k|i6 x'G5 ls dlxnf lzIffsf] lasf; w]/} kl5 ePsf]xf] . xfd|f] b]zsf] ;fdflhs ca:yfnfO{ larf/ ubf{ n}lËslae]b w/af6 g} ePsf] kfpF5f} . oxfF s]6Lx?nfO{ lzIff lbg' eg]sf] lax]sf] nfuL cfwf/e't Pp6f k|df0f kqsf] ?kdf lnG5g eg] s]6fx?nfO{ lzIff lbg' eg]sf] pgLx?sf] 3/sf]cfly{s ca:yf alnof] agfpg' xf] eg] wf/0ff xfn;Dd klgxfd|f] ;dfhdf laBdfg g} 5 .lzIffsf] lasf;df ;fIf/tfsf] b/ af6 klg ;dfhde}O{/x]sf] n}lËs lae]bnfO k'li6 ub{5 . g]kfnsf] s'n;fIf/tf b/ %)
%
/x]tf klg dlxnfsf] ;fIf/tf b/ @&
%
dfq 5 . of];fIf/tfsf] b/af6 xfd|f] ;dfhdf ePsf] at{dfg lzIffdf e}O/x]sf laBdfg c;dfgtfnfO{ k|i6 b]vfpF5 .;+:yfut laBfnodf 5fqx?sf] ;+Vof al9 x'g' /;fd'bflos laBfnodf 5fqfx?sf] ;+Vof al9 x'g' klg xfd|f];dfhdf e}O/x]sf] n}lËs lae]bsf] Ps k|i6 lrq0f xf] . To;}ul/ clQml/t ul0ftk9g] 5fqfx?sf] ;+Vof sd x'g',
2
 
5fqfx?sf] sIffsf] xflh/ /]s8{df sd x'g', laBfno, tylaZjlaBfnodf dlxnf 
 
ul0ft lzIfLsf sdL x'g', pRrlzIff tyf k|flalws lzIffdf 5fqf ;+Vof sd x'g', P;Pn;L sf] glthf tyf laBfnosf] laleGg txdf ul/Psf] cg';+Gwfgx?n] klg 5fqx?sf] cf};t c+s 5fqfx?sf] eGbf al9 b]lvg' xfd|f] ;dfhdf laBdfg n}lËs lalebtfsf] HjnGt gd'gf xf] .
ul0ft pknlAwsf ;lIfKt laa/0f 
laleGg tx tyf sIffsf]
] laBfyL{x?sf] laleGg ;dodf ul0ft laifosf] pknlAw:t/ x]g]{ laleGg cg';+wfgsf k|of;x? ePsf 5g .
EDSC
sf] @))* df sIff * sf laBfyL{x?sf]kfFrj6f laifox?sf] pknlAw ;DalGw cWoog ePsf] lyof] .o; cWoogdf !* lhNnfsf !#@ j6f laBfnoaf6 @^$)laBfyL{x? ;lDdlnt lyP . pQm cWoogaf6 sIff * sf]ul0ftsf] cf};t cs+ #!=& /x]sf] 5 eGg] 5fqfx?sf]ul0ftsf] cf};t cs #)=# 5 . To;}ul/
 
FBC & CHIRAG
-@))*_ n]sIff % sf laBfyL{x?sf] g]kfnL, ul0ft, la1fg, cu|]hL, /;fdflhs tyf aftfa/0fLo lzIff s]f pknlAw ;DalGw cWoogePsf] lyof] . pQm cWoogdf !* lhNnfsf !#) j6laBfnoaf6 #@&# laBfyL{x? ;lDdlnt lyP . o; cWoogn]sIff % sf laBfyL{x?sf] ul0ft laifodf cf};t pknlAwdf cs+$&=^$ / 5fqfx?sf] ul0ftsf] cf};t pknlAw cs $^=%^ /x]sf] b]vfof] . To;}ul/ Gof}kfg] -@))!_, n] dWoklR5df~rnsf kfFrj6f lhNnfx?df hghflt laBfyL{x?dul/Psf] cg';+wfgdf klg ul0ftdf 5fqx?sf] cf};t c+s5fqfx?sf] cf};t c+s eGbf al9 g} b]lvPsf] 5 . hf]zL -!
3

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