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Zaza AleqsiZe - Bizantiis Imperiis Ucnobi QarTveli Didi

Zaza AleqsiZe - Bizantiis Imperiis Ucnobi QarTveli Didi

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Published by: Zviad Devdariani on Jun 23, 2012
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bizantiis imperiis ucnobi qarTveli didimoxele da misi sagvareulo
balatunusis
 
bilingva
siriaSi, bizantiur cixe-qalaq balatunusis (
Platanus)
erTerTi burjis nangrevebSi 2008wels aRmoCnda orenovani (berZnul-qarTuli) warwera, romelic amJamad inaxeba siriismTavari saporto qalaqis latakiis (laodikea) muzeumSi. 2009 wlis bolos warwerasaTanado gamokvleviT Cemi megobrisa da kolegis, safrangeTis institutis(warwerebisa da bell-letris akademia) wevris, Jan-pier maes saSualebiT gadmomig-zavna maSin axlo aRmosavleTis (damaskos) franguli institutis mecnierma TanamSromelma Julien alikom (
Julien Aliquot)
. cxadia, mas ainteresebda bilingvisqarTuli warweris Sinaarsi, romlis amokiTxva parizSi ver moxerxda.rogorc batoni alikos SeniSvnebidan Canda, orenovan warweriani qvis (qviSaqva)zomebia 57X162X21. bilingva me TviTon ar minaxavs, amitom qvemoT yvelaganveyrdnobi baton alikos mier kargad Sesrulebul aRweras da aseve kargad damzadebulfotoebs.
berZnuli warwera
batoni alikos mier wakiTxuli da frangulad Targmnili berZnuli warwera Tavdapirvelad ase gamoiyureboda:berZnuli teqsti:
[
æ
 
Eteleiwvqh
 
t
]
;
 
qeovswston
 
kavstr
[
on
],
]
n
[
oJ
 
nwb
]
e
[
livss
]
§
mo
[
katepavnw
 
Nikhv
]
§
a
,
§
atrivkio
,
rJaivktwr
 
§
Antioceiva
,
;§
eiro
 
ej
-[
xhvrpase
 
tw'n
 
ejc
]
qrw'n
 
barbavrwn
 
ejpiv
 
JRwmanouÀ
 
;
ai
 
§
wh'
 
ajnaktov
(
rwn
)[
filocrivst
(
wn
)
hJm
(
w'n
)
k
]
;
 
;
tisqen
 
;
ara
 
Spantagoudh
,
patri
[
k
]
ivou
 
;
ai
[
strathgouÀ
 
Lao
]
§
ikeiva
,
tou'
 
Thpeli
,
mh
(
;
i
)
!/
ounivw
,
ijnd
(
§
ktiw'no
)
idV
 
æ
[
[
t
(
ei
)
apo`
 
kt
(
§
vsew
)
kovsm
(
ou
)
.§
f
]
.
q
franguli Targmani:
 
«Ce
kastron
sauvé par Dieu, que le nobélissime catépan Nicétas, patrice, recteur d’Antioche, aarraché de la main des ennemis barbares sous Romain et Zoé, nos empereurs qui aiment le Christ, et qui aété fondé par Spantagoudès Tèpeli, patrice et stratège de Laodicée, a été achevé au mois de juin, indiction14, l’an 6539 depuis la création du monde».
franguli Targmani qarTulad:
«es RrTivxsnili kastroni, romelic ukeTilSobilesma katepanma niketasma,patrikiosma da antioqiis reqtorma, xelidan gamostaca mtrul barbarosebsqristesmoyvaruli romanosisa da zoias mmarTvelobis dros da romelic daarsebul (andafinansebul) iqna spantagude tepelis, patrikiosisa da laodikeis strategosis mier,gasrulda ivnisis TveSi, indiqtions 14, 6539 wels samyaros Seqmnidan».igulisxmeba romauli welTaRricxvis 1031 weli (6539-5508=1031).
SeniSvnebi berZnuli warweris interpretaciasTan dakavSirebiT 
batoni alikos Targmani qmnida STabeWdilebas (aseve iyo ganmartebulikomentarebSi), rom warwera ukavSirdeboda katepan niketas da ara spantagudetepelis, romelic SesaZloa arc imyofeboda im dros balatunusSi. aseTi interpretaciissisuste advilad Canda berZnuli teqstis pirvelive wakiTxvidan: bizantielebma katepanniketasis meTaurobiT balatunusi aiRes 1031 wlis gazafxulis dasawyisSi (martSi), xolowarwera Sesrulebulia amave wlis ivnisSi. amrigad, cxadia, rom berZnuli
;
e
 
;
tisqen
 ;
ara
 
Spantagoudh
 
unda iTargmnos ara rogorc «daarsebul iqn(an Tundac,«dafinansd) spantagudes mier», aramed berZnuli enisaTvis gacilebiT ufrobunebrivad: «aigo//aSenda spantagudes mier».meore Cemi SeniSvna exeboda kvlav berZnuli teqstis arabunebrivad wakiTxvas. Julien alikom sworad gansazRvra (amaSi mas daexmara berZnuli warweris qvemoTqarTuli warweris mxolod arsebobac ki), rom «tepeli» tbels unda aRniSnavdes. imcodniT, rac tbelebTan dakavSirebiT man literaturidan moipova, cxadia, unda efiqra,rom tbeli gvaris aRmniSvneli saxelia da sruliad bunebrivad miiCnia, rom«spantagude . . . tepeli» erTi da imave piris saxeli da gvaria. igi imdenaddarwmunebuli iyo aseT interpretaciaSi, rom angariSi ar gauwia kvlav berZnuli teqstisCvenebas:
Spantagoudh
. . .
tou'
 
Thpeli
,
rac sityva-sityviT ueWvelad unda
 
undaiTargmnos rogorc «spantagude tepelisanu «spantagude tepelis Ze». aseTigaazreba zusti analogiaa
 
saxarebiseuli Sesityvebis
:
!§
avkwbo
 
Alfaivou
 
(iakob alfesianu iakob alfesis Ze
)
Ë
 
!§
ouda
 
!
Iakobou
 
(iuda iakobisi anu iuda iakobis Ze)
 
da a.S.mesame SeniSvna berZnuli teqstis aRdgenil dasawyiss exeboda. Cemi azriT,epigrafikuli teqsti, sadac “urjuloebze” mniSvnelovani gamarjvebis Sesaxeb arislaparaki, ar SeiZleba daiwyos gamoTqmiT
Eteleiwvqh
 
(amitomac iyo, rom igi Julienalikos TargmanSi sruliad ar aisaxa). garda amisa, qvis Camonatexi ufro metimoculobis teqsts gulisxmobs, vidre sityva
Eteleiwvqh
-
s SeuZlia daikavos. CemivaraudiT, da berZnuli epigrafikisa Tu saistorio TxzulebebisaTvis damaxasiaTebelitrafaretiT, teqstis dasawyisi unda aRdgeniliyo Semdegnairad:
æTu'Qeou'
 
bohqevi¡
an
§
u'Qeu'v
 
“SewevniTaRmrTisaÁTa”. Julien alikom mTlianad gaiziara Cemi SeniSvnebi da sabolood berZnuli teqstisaRdgenam da Targmanma aseTi saxes miiRo:
[
æ
 
Tu'Qeou'bohqevi¡¼
 
qeovswston
 
kavstr
[
on
],
]
n
[
oJ
 
nwb
]
e
[
livss
]
§
mo
[
katepavnw
 
Nikhv
]
§
a
,
§
atrivkio
,
rJaivktwr
 
§
Antioceiva
,
;§
eiro
 
ej
-[
xhvrpase
 
tw'n
 
ejc
]
qrw'n
 
barbavrwn
 
ejpiv
 
JRwmanouÀ
 
;
ai
 
§
wh'
 
ajnaktov
(
rwn
)[
filocrivst
(
wn
)
hJm
(
w'n
)
k
]
;
 
;
tisqen
 
;
ara
 
Spantagoudh
,
patri
[
k
]
ivou
 
;
ai
[
strathgouÀ
 
Lao
]
§
ikeiva
,
tou'
 
Thpeli
,
mh
(
;
i
)
!/
ounivw
,
ijnd
(
§
ktiw'no
)
idV
 
æ
[
[
t
(
ei
)
apo`
 
kt
(
§
vsew
)
kovsm
(
ou
)
.§
f
]
.
q
an
;;[§§
f
]
 
[RmrTis SewevniT] es RvTivdaculi (SeiZleba RmrTivxsnilic) kastroni, romelicukeTilSobilesma katepanma niketasma, patrikiosma da antioqiis reqtorma mtrulbarbarosebs xelidan gamostaca qristesmoyvare romanosisa da zoias mmarTvelobisdros, aSenebul iqna patrikiosisa da laodikeis strategosis spantagude tepelis Zis mierivnisis TveSi, indiqtioni 14, [samyaros Seqmnidan welsa 65]39.
berZnuli teqstis bizantiuri transkripcia
kidev erTi, rac aucileblad unda iqnas gaTvaliswinebuli XI s-is berZnuli teqstiswakiTxvisas, es aris bizantiuri berZnuli warmoTqma. gansakuTrebiT, roca es exebaonomastikasa da anTroponimebs, miT ufro, Tu es onomastika da anTroponimebi araris berZnulenovani da saWiroebs identifikacias.

-
 
bizantiuri berZnulis da qarTuli enis fonetikuri Taviseburebebis gaTvaliswinebiT qarTulad
 
SesaZlebelia gadmoices aseTi formebiT:
spantaRud-i, spandaRud-i, spantaRut-i, spandaRut-i (Sdr. π
αγα η
>aRapi)
1
.
gardaamisa,
Spantagoudh
 
ar aris Casmuli naTesaobiT brunvaSi, rogorc amas moiTxovs miswin mdgari
;
ara
 
windebuli. am funqcias misTvis asrulebs genetivSi dayenebuli misimsazRvreli titulatura
patri
[
k
]
ivou
 
;
ai
[
strathgouÀ
].
Spantagoudh
 
qarTulad
 
megadmoveci “spantaRud-i” formiT, rogorc es mosalodneli iyo qarTulisaTvis (saxelobiTibrunva). Cemi azriT, amis safuZvels iZleva bizantiur berZnulSi
h
-
s “i”-T wakiTxvistradicia.aseve, spantaRudis mamis saxeli

“tepeli”-s pirveli marcvlis
(eta)unda wavikiTxoT “i”-d (Sdr. zemoT

-
 
spandaRud-i): “tipeli”.ase ufro gasagebi gaxdeba, saidan gaCnda berZnulSi
tp//tb Tanxmovnebs Soris“i” xmovani (Sdr. somx. Trdat > berZn.

 
tiridates
2
). vinaidanbizantiur berZnulSi
“beta” aRar gadmoscems “b”-s da ikiTxeba rogorc “v”,bunebrivia, rom “b”-s aRsaniSnavad gamoyenebulia
p, (
Sdr. bagrat//pankrat
3
,”bakurian”//“pakurian”). “tepeli”//”tipeli”, ra Tqma unda, bizantiuri gamoTqmaaqarTuli anTroponimisa “tbeli”:
>
(b>p), agreTve, or Tanxmovans Soris gaCenili “i”(Sdr. tfilis>tiflis). sayuradReboa, rom somxur saistorio mwerlobaSic (stefanos orbelia-ni, gv. 355) ivane tbelis saxeli am formiT gvxvdeba:
 
.
qarTuli warwera
amis Semdeg ukve SegviZlia gadavideT balatunusis orenovani warweris qarTulnawilze.qarTuli warwera Sesrulebulia SedarebiT Rrmad amokveTili, sakmaod lamazi,sagangebo saWreTeliT SeiaraRebuli, gamocdili xeliT, mrgvlovani asomTavruliT.sityvaTa umravlesoba daqaragmebulia. sityvaTa Soris gankveTilobis niSnadgamoyenebulia erTi wertili. paleografiulad igi, bunebrivia, XI saukuniT TariRdeba.teqstis marjvena nawili (mayureblidan) mniSvnelovnad aris dazianebuli (SesaZloaatmosferuli zegavleniT), Tumca ikiTxeba, xolo erTgan amotexilia, ramac ramdenimegrafema Seiwira. vinaidan qvis marcxena nawili Camotexilia, amasTanave qarTuliwarweris meore striqonis pirveli oTxi grafema gadarecxilia, aRdgenis, qaragmebisgaxsnisa, sityvaTa daSoriSorebis gareSe da gankveTilobis niSnebiT (rogorc esteqstSia) igi ase ikiTxeba: 
æ
 
ese.viTa.z~moÁ.b~rZld.sw~ria- - - {s}. Z~mn.a~ve. e.c~xe.ese.S~w{v} . . . R~TsaÁTa 
æ
 
ese.viTa.z~moÁ.b~rZld.sw~ria
1
 
ix. n. maxaraZe, bizantiuri berZnulis warmoTqmis sakiTxebi, Tb. 1978.
2
 
ix. giorgi amartolis qronografia, georgika, IV, nakv. II, berZnuli teqsti qarTuli TargmaniTurT gamosca s. yauxCiSvilma, Tbilis, 1952, gv. 311.
3
 
komentarisaTvis ix. iqve, gv. 274, sq. 4.

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