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1. Tecnne. Park of La Villette

1. Tecnne. Park of La Villette

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Published by Marcelo Gardinetti
Park Of La Villette, Bernard Tschumi
Park Of La Villette, Bernard Tschumi

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Categories:Types, Maps
Published by: Marcelo Gardinetti on Jun 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/23/2013

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PARK OF LA VILLETTE
In 1982 was held a concourse for the urban renewal area of the Villette in the northeast corner of Paris. The winning project by Bernard Tschumi away of all design conventionsof public spaces previously developed, breaking the rooted tradition the Parisian garden.To 40 years to its gestation the complex project is considered the initial point in theroad traveled for the architectural neo vanguards in the design of the urban spaces.
ByMarcelo Gardinetti The concourse of Parc de la Villette formed part the renewal process the wide of Paris citywhere are once was installed the slaughterhouse and the meat market closed in 1974. Thecommunal authorities organized in 1976 a concourse chaired for the Brazilian landscapearchitect Roberto Burle Marx and a jury integrated among others by the architects RenzoPiano, Arata Isozaki and Vittorio Gregotti, and the landscape Paul Frieuerberg andJacques Simon.
 
 
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Is presented 472 projects of which the jury selected 9 for a second phase. Finally, in Marchof 1983 by not reach consensus for any works the jury decided reward to design byTschumi who obtained the most votes.Of 
the original elements constituting the place were maintained the “Grande Halle” andthe channel de L’ourrcq.
The winner project based his proposal in the creation of a largeurban area that despites the changes suffered from the awards to the final draftmaintained the essence of his conception.
The architecture of the park is considered by its author as “architecture of signifier morethan the significance”. The result of the project is product of simultaneous design
processes from analysis and decomposition of the program in a series of fragments andits reorganization around autonomous systems and the definition of movement of thesite. From these operations are defined the three systems that structure:
An objects system represented by points
A movement system represented by lines
A spaces system represented by surfaces
 
 
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The layer or system of point is constituted by a grid of 120 x 120 meters that eliminatesany hierarchy within the structure of the park treating the whole as a uniform grid. The
points of intersection determine where are localized the references built, the “Folies”.
The second layer constructed by lines is represented by the galleries. The third layer of surface is represented by the areas of pavement, grass and trees.The superposition of the three systems leads to situations at random and conflict. Givingfrom to the spatial structure of the park a progression to the text of landscape MichaelCorajoud, who in analogy to Archimedes palimpsest defined the contemporary park as asuperposition superposition of the trace of the English park on the trace of the Frenchpark.The Folies are designed from a cube structure of 10,80 x 10,80 meters with differentformal processes. According Tschumi, the Folies may originate from a programmaticoperation and vary over time, or a combination formally from the deconstruction of thecube in confined space or moving elements represented as ramps o steps.The Folies are the major milestone in space originated in the attraction of the red and itsrepetitive feature in the park. Of the 35 Folies projected were built 26, the majoritycontains specific functions. The galleries that run site from north to south parallel toGrande Halle, is a large pergola wavy that accentuates the sense of movement and thegallery which crosses from east to west runs parallel to the large channel as elevatewalkway connecting different Folies.

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