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Materials Lab Test 6

Materials Lab Test 6

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Published by Angshuman Singha
concrete lab, consistency test
concrete lab, consistency test

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Categories:Types, Reviews, Book
Published by: Angshuman Singha on Jun 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/21/2012

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Vicat Apparatus
 
 Needle G: called “Plunger”, used in Consistency Test.Needle C: called “needle penetrator”, used for determining Initial Setting Time.Needle F: called “Annular attachment”, used for determining Final Setting Time.Mass of the falling/moving unit: Total mass of the moving unit, when in use, complete withallattachment, that is the cap and rod together with either Plunger G or needle C or needle F shall be300+1 gm.Plunger G, needle C and needle F shall each weigh 9±.5 gm.6(a) Consistency Test on Cement [IS: 4031(Part 4)-1988]Gauging time 3 to 5 min. Time is to be counted from the time of adding water to dry cement untilcommencing to fill the mould. Higher value of gauging time will result in increase in the of water contentat standard consistency as setting process also starts after addition of water to dry cement.Temperatureof the moulding room should be 27±2
C.The relative humidity of laboratory should be 65±5%.If the above parameters vary from the values as specified, rate of evaporation of water from the mould,rate of hydration reaction will also vary and because of these result will change.6(b) Setting Time[IS:4031(Part 5)-1988]Temperature of the moulding room should be 27±2
C. The relative humidity of laboratory should be65±5%.The moist closet or moist room shall be maintained at 27 ± 2°C and at a relative humidity of not less than90 percent.Initial Setting TimeDifferent types of setting phenomena is observed depending on amount of C
3
A and CaSO
4
(which are theset controllers) present in a cement.
 
C
3
A Content CaSO
4
Content Setting Behaviour of Cement[Note: 1) The compounds stated above though important in case of setting of cement, will not be askedin the exam, so don’t worry,2) The above phenomena cannot be detected using vicat apparatus. If initial setting time isobserved to be less than 30 min, the mix should be taken out of the mould and should be remoulded. If remoulding is possible then the cement was “false set” otherwise it was “quick set”/”flash set”. ]Only when “normal setting” occurs we can expect Initial Setting time to be higher than 30 min.If setting time is lower than that we can mix “set retarders” [Organic :carbohydrates (corn syrup, dextrin).Inorganic retarders: Borates, phosphates, Zn and Cu compounds. costly and less soluble.Extended setadmixtures: Phosphonates and other phosphorus containing organic acids and salts, gluconic acid,].When setting time is to high we can use “set accelerators” [Chloride: CaCl
2
, NaCl .Non-chloride :
Inorganic
: Nitrates and nitrites of Ca and Na, thiocyanates, thiosulphates, and carbonates of Ca and Na.
Organic
: Amines (triethanol amine – TEA, diethanol amine – DEA), carboxylic acids (Ca salts of formic andacetic acid), formaldehyde].No need to remember all of above chemicals. Just know that, there exist certain compounds which canbe used as “Set Controllers”.OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement): Basic constituents C
2
S,C
3
S, C
3
A, C
4
AF, and CaSO
4
 CaO (C), SiO
2
(S), Al
2
O
3
(A), Fe
2
O
3
(F)33/43/53 grade [33=> 33MPa strength of cube after 28-day ]Higher the grade , higher the fineness of cement, higher rate of reaction, higher the water content atstandard consistency, lesser will be Initial and Final setting time.PPC(Portland Pozzolana Cement) : All of the above + Pozzolans.

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