The giant panda have been a world renowned endangered species since 1986. Itwas endangered due to poaching and habitat fragmentation. The isolation of different wild populations in the mountain ranges due to habitat fragmentation isstill a major factor that endangers the giant pandas today. The giant panda hasa dietary requirement that is completely different to other Ursids even though ithas a simple carnivorous/omnivorous digestive system. The giant panda spendsmost of its day foraging and only digests about 20% of their diet. To aidingestion, the giant panda has unique elongated radial sesamoid which acts as afalse thumb. The low natural birth rates can be highly due to the reproductivesystem of the giant panda. The female giant panda has a reproductive systemthat is similar to the pig’s which allows for natural twinning to occur. Like otherUrsids, the female giant panda also exhibits delayed implantation. Moreover, thefemales give birth to underdeveloped young cubs which are only 1/10 of themother’s body weight. The male giant pandas have extremely small L-shaped (orS-shaped) penises. The giant panda uses vocal, visual and olfactory cues in thewild to recognise conspecifics, especially near breeding seasons. To preventfurther habitat fragmentation, the Chinese government have now set up manydifferent nature reserves on the giant panda natural habitats. To further increasethe total number of giant pandas, breeding programmes were carried out invarious captive environments. Due to the success in the breeding programmes,the
population can be viewed as a sustainable population and may bereintroduced back to the wild. Taking examples from large species that havebeen successfully reintroduced, it may take the giant pandas at least 30 years toachieve the goal of reintroduction. However, the successful reintroduction mayprove that the giant pandas have a better ecological value and should be saved.