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Wiki Literature Review

Wiki Literature Review

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Published by TheJoeGreene

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Published by: TheJoeGreene on Jun 24, 2012
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12/21/2012

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Running head: WIKI LITERATURE REVIEW 1Wiki Literature ReviewJoseph C. GreeneLiberty University
 
WIKI LITERATURE REVIEW
 
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AbstractLiterature related to the role of digital books as a mechanism for adult learning in traditionalclassroom settings is reviewed. The history of digital books, with a brief exploration of thedevices used to read them, is examined. Their advantages and disadvantages, student satisfactionlevels, and potential future uses are explored.
Keywords
: adult education, digital book, e-book, mobile learning
 
WIKI LITERATURE REVIEW
 
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History of digital books
 
The first digital book
The first e-book was developed in 1971 by Michael Hart, a freshman at the University of Illinois. Having recently gained access to some of the extremely rare computer space, Mr. Harttook inspiration from a pocket sized insert of the Declaration of Independence and made that the
first “book” to be preserved in digital form (Lebert, 2009). This lead to the beginning of Project
Gutenberg, an attempt to create the digital equivalent of the printing press, which would allowfor both permanent storage and easy distribution of books via digital devices (Lebert, 2009). TheDeclaration of Independence, The U.S. Bill of Rights, and The United States Constitution were
the first “books” to be digitized (Lebert, 2009). As the amount of storage, and quality and
quantity of sources increased, books began to be turned into e-books much more quickly. Whileit took 18 years to complete the first 10 books, with the 10
th
being the King James Bible (1769),the advent of the internet significantly sped the process up and book number 1,000 wascompleted in August of 1997 (Lebert, 2009). There are now over 36,000 e-books available forfree through Project Gutenberg alone (Gutenberg, 2011).
Publishers go online
National Academy Press (NAP) and MIT press led the way, in 1994 and 1995
respectively, in publishing full texts of books online with authors’ consent which helped lead to
online publishing becoming mainstream as early as 1997 (Lebert, 2009). Debate was centeredon the pricing of online books with some choosing to go the route of free access to digital texts.Early returns from both NAP and MIT showed that free online books were leading to increasedsales in hard copies of those books by as much as two to three times their previous levels

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