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Ayurveda and Sports Medicine

Ayurveda and Sports Medicine

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Published by: DrShijoe Mathew Anchery on Jun 24, 2012
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12/21/2012

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Ayurveda in Sports medicine
 
Message of 
 Ayurveda
 
Verily, there is no limit to the scope of the science of life. Therefore onemust always be alert and receptive. Knowledge, even if it comes fromrivals must be accepted with a free mind. In fact the whole world is ateacher for the wise and an enemy to the foolish
 
Caraka
INTRODUCTION
Sports medicine is an interdisciplinary subspecialty of medicine which deals with the overall care of an athlete atall levels, both amateur and professional. The sportsmedical "team" includes specialty physicians and surgeons,athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, otherpersonnel and, of course, the athlete.
 Ayurveda
is thetraditional medical system of India that is primarily a healthcare system aimed at
 The Scope of Ayurveda in sports medicine- 01
 
 
prevention and cure of illness. Though it is a medicalsystem, it has its own contribution in various other fields aswell - such as agriculture as in
Vrikshayurveda
andveterinary science as in
Gajayurveda.
 This paper aims at exploring the scope of 
 Ayurveda
inmaking very significant contributions to the field of modernsports medicine.
RELEVENCE OF AYURVEDA Ayurveda
is the ancient Indian system of medicine thathas a known and traceable history of prevalence in India atthe least for the past 5000 years. It is one of the oldestsystems of medicine in the World and yet the fact that asmuch as 80 % of the population in India and a lesserproportion around the globe utilize this form of medicine atsome point of time is a testimony to its contemporaryrelevance. The term
 Ayurveda
combines two Sanskrit words
 AYUS
which means life and
Veda
which means knowledge orscience. The principles of Ayurveda are enshrined in three major Textbooks of Ayurveda called the
Brihat Trayee
(meaning the “Great Three”) viz.
Susruta Samhita
,
CarakaSamhita
and
 Ashtanga Hridaya
which form the basis for thescience of 
 The Scope of Ayurveda in sports medicine- 02
 
Ayurveda. Although there had been many innovationsand additions to the practice of 
 Ayurveda
subsequently,these texts remain the main stay of Ayurvedic practice eventoday.SPORTS MEDICINE (REWRITE)Sports medicine has always been difficult to definebecause it is not a single specialty, but an area that involveshealth care professionals, researchers and educators from awide variety of disciplines. Its function is not only curativeand rehabilitative, but also preventative, which may actuallybe the most important one of all.Despite this wide scope, there has been a tendency formany to assume that sport-related problems are by defaultmusculoskeletal and that sports medicine is an orthopedicspecialty. There is much more to sports medicine than justmusculoskeletal diagnosis and treatment. Illness or injury insport can be caused by many factors – from environmentalto physiological and psychological. Consequently, sportsmedicine can encompass an array of specialties, includingcardiology, pulmonology, orthopedic surgery, psychiatry,exercise physiology, biomechanics, and traumatology.AYURVEDA AND SPORTS MEDICINESports medicine, as a separate medical specialty has afairly recent origin and it is quite pertinent to ask how amedical system, that is more than five thousand years old,can

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