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Published by: Al Maun Fund Charity on Jun 24, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The word sabr (in the Arabic language) is from sabara - to be patient and to persevere, and it indicatesto holding back and restraining oneself. (In the Shaee’ah sense) it implies: restraining the soul frombeing agitated; restraining the tongue from complaining and restraining the hands from slapping thecheeks, tearing the clothes and doing other similar actions. This has been mentioned by Ibnul-Qayyim(d.750H). [7] And know that sabr (patient perseverance) is of three kinds: [i] sabr whilst (fulfilling) the orders of  Allaah, [ii] sabr whilst (abandoning and keeping away) from the prohibitions of Allaah, and [iii] sabr withthe Decree of Allaah with respect to afflictions and difficultiesTrials Faced by the Believers:The Messengerof Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whenever Allaah intends to do good to a servant, Hehastens to punish him in this world. And whenever Allaah intends evil for a servant, He postpones thepunishment until the Day of Judgement.” [26]His saying, “Whenever Allaah intends to do good to a servant, He hastens to punish him in this world.” means: that he is punished by being inflicted with afflictions and difficulties due to the sins he hascommitted, due to which he is cleansed from them all, and in the Hereafter he has no sins to accountfor.<br /><br />Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “The occurrence of afflictions are actually a formof blessing, since they are an expiation for sins committed and they call for a person to have sabr - forwhich he is duly rewarded. Likewise they cause the person to turn to Allaah in repentance, being humbleand submissive before Him, whilst at the same time turning away from hoping in any of the creation.There are - besides these - other great advantages.Thus, those afflictions which befall a person are actually the cause of Allaah wiping away his sins, andthis is one of the greatest blessings. So the occurrence of afflictions are a source of mercy and bounty,providing such a person does not enter into that which is a cause for even greater disobedience thanbefore. For this affliction will then become a cause of great evil to the person’s Religion. Indeed, thereare people who - when afflicted with a trial or a affliction; such as poverty, illness or starvation - causeshypocrisy to sprout in them, or causes their hearts to become diseased, or it causes them to fall intoingratitude and disbelief, or to abandon certain obligations or commit certain prohibited acts - all of which is extremely harmful to one’s Religion. So to remain safe from, and to be protected against suchafflictions and trials, is better for a person, since the afflictions and trials - rather than being a source of blessings - becomes a source of great injury. However, if the person had sabr and remained obedient,then such an affliction would have been the cause of mercy and blessings from Allaah - the Mighty andMajestic -which necessitates praising HimSo whosoever is afflicted with a calamity and is provided with sabr, then this sabr is a blessing for theperson and a mercy for him, since his sins are expiated due to it. Likewise his Lord bestows upon himpraises and prayers, as Allaah - the Majestic – says “They are those on whom are the blessings and praises from their Lord and His mercy. They are the oneswho are guided.” [27]

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