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Action Research Proposal Done

Action Research Proposal Done

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Published by Fauzul Fikri

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Fauzul Fikri on Jun 24, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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In this chapter, the writer discusses about background of the study, previous study,statements of the problems, objectives of the study, limitation of the study andbenefits of the study.
Background of the Study
English is an important means of communication, which is used bymany countries in this world. It plays an important role as an internationallanguage. This is why the Indonesian government chooses English as the firstforeign language to be taught in schools (Ramelan, 1992 cited in Royanti, 2007:1).There is several language components involved in language learning;they are: vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, etc. Keith folse state in his article,
The Underestimated Importance of Vocabulary in Foreign Language Classroom
 argue that vocabulary is one of the most important components in learning aforeign language and foreign language curricula must reflect this.Vocabulary has a significant role in language. Basically, learning aforeign language is a matter of learning vocabulary of that language. Research has
shown that vocabulary knowledge plays a critical role in students’ literacy
development (Scott, Jamieson-Noel, & Asselin, 2003). Wilkins (1972:8) statedthat without grammar very little can be conveyed; without vocabulary nothing can
2be conveyed. Thus, it can be concluded that learning vocabulary is important asthe basic need to encounter a new language.Vocabulary is taught in many different ways. Based on a studyconducted by Rosmayanti (2008), in most Indonesian English language class mostteachers used conventional teaching method in teaching vocabulary. The teachersonly give the students a non-stop drilling memorization practice. This types of learning can sometimes make the learners frustrated when they have to memorizea list of new words at once.
Therefore, the “look and remember” way of 
vocabulary learning seems not to be effective for the learners of English language.
Cited in Nurhasanah’s paper (2006), studies conducted by Beck, Mc
Keown and Kucan (2002) shows that provided dictionary definitions and asked
 brief questions about the words indicated 63% of students’ sentences were judged
to be “odd” (Miller and Gildea, 1985), 60% of students’ responses wereunacceptable (Mc Keown, 1993), and students’ frequently interpreted one or two
words from s definition as the entire meaning (Scott & Nagy, 1989).In the first case study in Indonesia, that type of vocabulary learningmakes the students bored and less motivated. The students are unlikely to besuccessful at learning unless they enjoy the process. In the second case,memorization may feel burdened when they cannot remember the list of wordsgiven. Therefore, teacher needs strategy to avoid this kind of problem by creatingactivities which is interesting and worth doing, especially in this case isvocabulary learning lesson to encourage the students.
3One of the best activities in teaching and learning vocabulary is througha game. According to Nguyen Ti Huyen (2003) games have been shown to haveadvantages and effectiveness in learning vocabulary in various ways; First, gamesbring in relaxation and fun for students. Thus help them learn and retain newwords easily. Second, games usually involve friendly competition and keeplearners interested, thus create the motivation for the learners. Third, vocabulary
games bring real word context into the classroom and enhance students’ use of 
English in a flexible, communicative way.One of popular games named crossword now has been beneficially usedin teaching learning process. Jones (2007) stated that crossword solving, involvesseveral skills including vocabulary, reasoning, and spelling skills.From the explanations above, the writer thinks that crossword puzzlegame might be a solution for the vocabulary learning problems. The researcherwill conduct a Classroom action research as a learning therapy.In this research, the researcher will implement Crossword puzzle gamein vocabulary learning of the second grade students of MTS Darul Ulum
Purwogondo to know whether the Crossword puzzle game improves the students’
vocabulary mastery or not and to investigate how the students respond toward theimplementation of this game.

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