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# 微積分基本公式

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08/02/2013

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a xd x special casesb xy x y x y x y x r x
x
) ln ( )ln( ) , ln( ) , ln( )) ln( ) ln lnln( ) ln lnln( ) ln
= >= = = += += =
1
01 0 0:
a e e e jb e xc e y y ye y y y
j x y y
) . , , cos sin) exp( )) exp(ln )ln ln(exp( ))
ln1 0
2718281828 1
= = +== == =
θ
θ θ
sin( ) sin cos cos sinsin( ) sin cos cos sincos( ) cos cos sin sincos( ) cos cos sin sinsin cos sin( ) sin( )cos sin sin( ) sin( )cos cos cos( ) cos( )sin sin cos( ) cos( )( )/(
A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A Bassume x A B y A Bthen A x y B x
+ = + = + = = + = + + = + = + + = + = +=
RST
= +=
121212122
+
RST
+ = += ++ = += +
y x yx y x y x yx y x y x yx y x y x yx y x y
)/sin sin sin cossin sin cos sincos cos cos coscos cos sin sin222 222 222 222 2sin sin coscos cos sin cos sincoscos, sincos2 22 2 1 1 21 221 22
2 2 2 22 2
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ
== = = =+=

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d f g gdf f ddu du d u uddxdC C constand x C d x d x d x C
( )( )( : )( ) ( )
= ++ = += =+ = = +
1 2 1 2
0 0
dedxe de e dxd xdx x udu d u
x x x x
= == =
lnln1 1
d xdxnx d x nx dxd xdx x dx xdxdx x x x xdx
nn n n
= == =
G
=
G
=
1 1222 2
2 21 1 1 1
d xy ydx xdyd x y m x y dx n y x dym ydx n xdyd x y x yy x xdy ydx xx y ydx xdy y
m n m n n mm nm n
( )( )
= += + + =
G
=
G
=
c h
1 11 122
d xdx x d x x dxd xdx x d x x dxd xdx x d x x dxd xdx x d x x dxd xdx x x d x x x dxd xdx x x d x x x dx
sincos sin coscossin cos sintansec tan seccotcsc cot cscsecsec tan sec sec tancsccsc cot csc csc cot
= == = = == = = == =
2 22 2
d xdxxdx xd xd xdx xdx xd xd xdxx xdx x xd xd xdxxdx xd xd xdx xdx xd xd xdxx xdx x xd x
sinsintantansecseccoscoscotcotcsccsc
===++======++===
12 2112 2112 2112 2112 2112 21
11 111 111 111 111 111 1

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dx f x g xdx f xdx g xdx f g dx f dx g f g f g f  f  g  f g f  g  g x y y u u u xdydxdydududx
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( )
± = ±= + =+
LNMOQP
== = =
2
0chain rule : if and then
d F xdx f x f x dx F x dx f t dt f x adx f x dx f x d f x dx f x dx f x dx d f x dxd f xdxdx f x C d f x f x C  y y x dy y dxu u x y duu xdxu ydyu dv u v v du
a x
( )( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) , :( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( : )( )( , )
= = +== => === + => = += = = =+
RS|T|
=
z
constant.integral constant( integral by parts )
( ) ( )
dx f x t dt f x b xdbdx f x p xdpdx x f x t d
p xb x p xb x
( , ) , ( ) , ( ) ( , )
( ) ( )
z
= +
b g b g
ddxd xdxn x
nn
==
0
1
x xchain ruleaxax x x
=  ==
ln