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Wireless Object Locator

Wireless Object Locator

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Published by balu54

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Published by: balu54 on Jun 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/19/2015

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 1
ABSTRACT
An object locator is a device designed to assist its user in finding misplaced household andpersonal objects in a home. We probably spend hours every month looking for items aroundthe home, often in a similar situation. In fact, almost every person in the world suffers thisproblem. But now this is not really a big problem because
now there‘s an
inexpensivegadget to help people quickly find important items by tagging them and using an RF locatorto pinpoint their position in seconds. Advantages of such locators include extensibility andlow maintenance.In the past few decades, an unprecedented demand for wireless technologieshas been taking place. Mobiles, Laptops, assistants (PDAs), and mobile phones, to name justa few examples, are becoming part of the everyday life of a growing number of devices thatcommunicate wirelessly. Radio and infrared (IR) are currently the main parts of theelectromagnetic spectrum used to transmit information wirelessly. IR is becoming morepopular every day and it is being preferred due to its inherent advantages like low powerrequirements, security, effective short distance communication as compared to its Radiocounterpart. So we are using this technology in our project.In this project we aim to design and build a hardware model of IR receiver and simple TVremote can be used as the transmitter
 
 2
CONTENTS
1.INTRODUCTION
…6
 2.CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
…7
 3.COMPONENTS3.1. Timer IC - NE555
…9
 3.2. Transistor - SL 100, BC 148, SK100
…13
 3. 3 Diode
…14
 3.4. Voltage Regulator IC 7805
…19
 3.5. Light Emitting Diode
…20
 3.6. IR receiver ICTK1838
…22
 3.7. Dual j-k flipflop-IC4027
…22
 3.8. Resistors
…24
 3.9. Capacitors
…26
 3.10. 9V,3V Battery
…28
 3.11 Relay ...293.12. Loud speaker
…36
 4. CIRCUIT OPERATION
…37
 5. WORKING
396. ADVANTAGES
397. LIMITATIONS
398. FUTURE SCOPE
399. REFERENCES
…4
0
 
 
 3
INTRODUCTION
"Where did I put my car keys?" is a question that we must have heard many times in ourlife! How often have you put something down and then spent ages looking for it? Well, ourgroup decided to invent a gadget that would end this frustration!The idea was to develop small "tags" that could be clipped onto items which are oftenmisplaced. These tags would be designed so that if they received a uniquely coded signalfrom an IR transmitter, they would emit a bleeping sound. A simple TV remote could beused to do this.The idea being, if you are looking for an item which has the tag attached, you could go tothe transmitter and press the associated button. The transmitter would then send out a codedsignal for a specific tag and voila, our item has been located!An object locator system comprises an activation unit and a remote locator where the remotelocator may be attached to an easily misplaced object, such as a key or key-ring. Theactivation unit comprises additional functionality to induce the operator to carry it routinelyso that it might be available at distant sites if needed. In one embodiment, the activation unitcomprises a cellular telephone. In another embodiment, the activation unit comprises a wristwatch with an integral transmitter. The activation unit, when triggered, generates anactivating signal. The remote locator receives the activating signal and announces itslocation. Communication from the activation unit to the remote locator may be direct orindirect, and may be via radio frequency electromagnetic, optical, or acoustic means. Wecan use a simple TV remote as a transmitter

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