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Korean Romanization

Korean Romanization

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Published by: Maria on Jun 25, 2012
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Korean
Romanization and Word Division

Romanization
1.
General Practice
The Library of Congress will continue to follow the McCune-Reischauer systemto romanize Korean with the exceptions noted in this document. See:Romanization of the Korean Language: Based upon its Phonetic Structure byG.M. McCune and E.O. Reischauer ([S.l.: s.n., 1939?), reprinted from theTransactions of the Korea Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Full text of theoriginal document is available online from the National Library of Australia Website: http://www.nla.gov.au/librariesaustralia/cjk/download/ras_1939.pdf Note: A romanization table appears as Appendix 7, at the end of this document.
2.
Authorities
The Library of Congress will designate certain standard dictionaries [seeAppendix 1] as final authorities to resolve questions of contemporarypronunciation. A word will be considered to be pronounced as indicated inthose dictionaries, and romanized in such a way as to represent itspronunciation most accurately.
3.
Conflict between Romanization Rule and Pronunciation
When romanization rules conflict with the pronunciation of a word, prefer torepresent the pronunciation.
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ramyŏnHanchayŏngchang서울대 Sŏuldae월드컵 Wǒldŭk’ŏp길잡이 kiljabi말갈족 Malgaljok값어치 kabŏch’isilchŭngNote: Some dictionaries represent a reinforced medial consonant with a doubleconsonant: 의과 [_꽈], 실시 [_씨]. However, the romanization would notnecessarily show a double consonant: ǔikwa, silsi.pyŏngkamunpŏp
4. Hyphens
(a) When sounds would normally change, according to McCune-Reischauer rules, sound change is indicated preceding or following a hyphen in forenamesor pseudonyms that are preceded by family names, and in generic terms usedas jurisdictions.1) For personal names with family name:AnŬng-nyŏlPakMog-wŏlYiT’oe-gye2) For generic terms for jurisdictions:강원도 Kangwŏn-do
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경상북도 Kyŏngsang-bukto완도군 Wando-gun평택군 P’yŏngt’aek-kun구기동 Kugi-dong평택읍 P’yŏngt’aeg-ŭp산북면 Sanbung-myŏn황곡리 Hwanggong-ni노근리 Nogŭn-ni복계리 Pokkye-ri사흘리 Sahŭl-liException 1: For generic terms for jurisdictions preceded by a numeral, do notindicate sound change.종로2Chongno 2-ka성산4Sŏngsan 4-tongException 2: For those special administrative terms for jurisdictions, do nothyphenate.서울 특별시 SŏulT’ŭkpyŏlsi부산 광역시 PusanKwangyŏksi제주 특별 자치도 ChejuT’ŭkpyŏlChach’ido(b) When sounds would normally change, according to McCune-Reischauer rules, sound change is not indicated preceding or following a hyphen in thefollowing instances:1) In a spelled-out cardinal number:一九六八 ch’ŏn-kubaek-yuksip-p’al2) Between a numeral and volume designation and things being counted:
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