these 5 treatises the original Sanskrit text of the
has been edited
Prof. Sylvain Levi, who has likewise given aFrench translation of it.
Sanskrit text of the
and its Tibetan translation have been recently edited by Prof. Th.Stcherbatsky and by myself in the Bibliotheca Buddhica and willbe followed
an analysis of the 8 subjects and the 70 topics whichform its contents.
3 other works have not, till now, met with thefull appreciation of European scholars.
that wepossess only their Tibetan translations in the Tangyur (MDO XLIV), theoriginalSanscrit texts having not, up
this time, been discovered.
investigation of this branch of Buddhist literature according tothe Tibetan sources enables us
ascertain the exclusive importanceof the said 3 treatises as containing, in a very pregnant form, theidealistic and monistic teachings of later Buddhism.
particularthe Tibetan works draw our attention
the translation and analysis of which forms the subject-matter of the presentwork.
indeed the most interesting of the three,
not of allthe five, being the exposition of the most developed monistic andpantheistic teachings of the later Buddhists and of the specialtheot·yof the Essence of
the fundamental element
of theAbsolute, as existing in all living beings. Before we commence aninvestigation of this theory, it is necessary to give a genernl summnryreview of the contents of all the 5 treatises.
Lamaist monasteriesof Tibet and Mongolia possess separate block-print editions (independently from the Tangyur) of all of them.
have moreoverworks of diverse Tibetan scholars containing a special analysis ofthem
Both these circumstances greatly facilitate a sum-
two such editious, one issued
Gusinoozersky Monastery.' Among
will be sufficient to mention two, viz. 1)
Abhisamayiilamkllra by Jam-yail-gll-bai-lo-411 (I,ljam-dbyails-dga\1-bal,tiblo-gros, edition
Lo-sli.-liil section of
Brli.buil Monastery of