Syndrome /syn·drome/ (sin´drom)
Aarskog-Scott syndrome a hereditary X-linked condition characterized by ocular hypertelorism,anteverted nostrils, broad upper lip, peculiar scrotal ?shawl? above the penis, and small hands.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome an epidemic, transmissible retroviral disease caused byinfection with the human immunodeficiency virus, manifested in severe cases as profounddepression of cell-mediated immunity, and affecting certain recognized risk groups. Diagnosis isby the presence of a disease indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity (e.g., life-threatening opportunistic infection) in the absence of any known causes of underlyingimmunodeficiency or of any other host defense defects reported to be associated with thatdisease (e.g., iatrogenic immunosuppression).
Acute coronary syndrome
A classification encompassing clinical presentations ranging from unstable angina through non,sometimes also including Q wave infarction.
Acute radiation syndrome
A syndrome caused by exposure to a whole body dose of over 1 gray of ionizing radiation;symptoms, whose severity and time of onset depend on the size of the dose, include erythema,nausea and vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, petechiae, bleeding from the mucous membranes,hematologic changes, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, epilation, hypotension, tachycardia, anddehydration; death may occur within hours or weeks of exposure.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Fulminant pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema, which usually develops within a few daysafter the initiating trauma, thought to result from alveolar injury that has led to increasedcapillary permeability.
Acute retinal necrosis syndrome
Necrotizing retinitis with uveitis and other retinal pathology, severe loss of vision, and oftenretinal detachment; of viral etiology.
Episodic cardiac arrest and syncope due to failure of normal and escape pacemakers, with or without ventricular fibrillation; the principal manifestation of severe heart attack.
The complex of symptoms resulting from adrenocortical insufficiency; see Addison's disease,under disease.