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Some Arguments for an Institutional Approach to Philippine Politics (Outline)

Some Arguments for an Institutional Approach to Philippine Politics (Outline)

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Published by Paul Eugenio
Some Arguments for Institutional Approach to Philippine Politics I. Working definition of institutions, institutional approach and political institution A.Institutions as rules to influence strategies B.Institutional approach from economics and political science discipline 1.Differentiate formal and informal rules 2. Alignment of informal norms and values with the formal rules in economics discipline 3. Political science discipline only acknowledges the formal rules C.Political institutions: mak
Some Arguments for Institutional Approach to Philippine Politics I. Working definition of institutions, institutional approach and political institution A.Institutions as rules to influence strategies B.Institutional approach from economics and political science discipline 1.Differentiate formal and informal rules 2. Alignment of informal norms and values with the formal rules in economics discipline 3. Political science discipline only acknowledges the formal rules C.Political institutions: mak

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Published by: Paul Eugenio on Jun 26, 2012
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09/16/2013

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Some Arguments for Institutional Approach to Philippine PoliticsI.
Working definition of institutions, institutional approach and politicalinstitution
A.
Institutions as rules to influence strategies
B.
Institutional approach from economics and political science discipline
1.
Differentiate formal and informal rules
2.
Alignment of informal norms and values with the formal rules ineconomics discipline
3.
Political science discipline only acknowledges the formal rules
C.
Political institutions: making, implementing, and adjudicating of policies
II.
Importance of political institutions as a legitimate explanatory variableof political life
A.
Political institutions as incentives and constraints for state and socialactors
1.
Induce different political strategies from the actors by influencing
a.
...the actors' time horizon
1.
 Time horizon is the actors' willingness to play by the rules of the game
2.
Regime-level distinctions
 Time horizon in an authoritarian regime tends to beshortened because cost of losing in political competitionare very high, while time horizon in a demoracy is usuallylengthened.
3.
Differences in institutional features
Waiting for a change in leadership become higher inpresidential forms of government relative toparliamentary forms of government.
Fixed term found in presidentialism may be seen aspotentially stabilizing the time horizon of actors.
b.
...different patterns of representation and contestation
1.
Regime-level distinctions
 The pressure in a dictatorship is usually for undergroundor extra-legal struggle and a polarization of issues, whilethe pressure in a democracy is for more open politicalstruggle.
2.
Differences in institutional features
Democracy's electoral system: Single member district(SMD) and proportional representation (PR)
2.
Different probability distributions of political outcomes
a.
Probability of the opposition winning the top government postsin an electoral contest in a dictatorship and democracy
b.
Rules for constitutional change within different democracies
B.
Political institutions as mediating mechanisms between the state and

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