Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Enuma Elish

Enuma Elish

Ratings:

4.67

(6)
|Views: 1,118|Likes:
Published by Jeremy Kapp
The best, most complete scholarly translation of the Enuma Elish
The best, most complete scholarly translation of the Enuma Elish

More info:

Published by: Jeremy Kapp on Jan 10, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/06/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Enuma Elish, the Babylonian CreationEpic Tablet I
 
When heaven above was not yet named
 
Nor earth below pronounced by name,
 
Apsu
, the first one,their 
begetter 
 
And
maker Tiamat
, who bore them all,
 
Had mixed their waters together,
 
But had not formed pastures, nor discovered reed-beds;
 
When yet no gods were manifest,
 
Nor names pronounced, nor destinies decreed,
 
Then gods were born within them.
 
Lahmu
(and)
Lahamu
emerged, their names pronounced.
 
As soon as they matured, were fully formed,
 
Anshar 
(and)
Kishar 
were born, superpassing them.
 
They passed the day at length, they added to the years.
 
Anu
their first-born son rivalled his forefathers:
 
Anshar 
made his son
Anu
like himself,
 
And
Anu
begot
Nudimmud
(
EA
) in his likeness.
 
He, Nudimmud, was
superior to his forefathers
:
 
Profound of understanding, he was wise, was very strong at arms.
 
Mightier by far than Anshar his father's begetter,
 
He had no rival among the gods his peers.
 
The gods of that generation would meet together 
 
And
disturb Tiamat
, and their clamour reverberated.
 
They stirred up Tiamat's belly,
 
They were
annoying
here by
playing
inside
Anduruna
. [Heaven, where the gods play]
 
Apsu could not quell their noise
 
And Tiamat became mute before them;
 
However grievous their behaviour to her,
 
However bad their ways, she would indulge them.
 
Finally Apsu, begetter of the great gods,Called out and addressed his
vizier 
Mummu,
 
'O mummu, vizier who pleases me!
 
'Come, let us go to Tiamat!'
 
They went and sat in front of Tiamat,
 
And discussed affairs concerning the gods their sons.
 
Page
1
of 
31
 
Apsu
made his voice heard
 
And spoke to Tiamat in a loud voice,
 
'Their ways have become very grievous to me,
 
'By day I cannot rest, by night I cannot sleep.
 
'I shall abolish their ways and disperse them!
 
'Let peace prevail, so that we can sleep.'
 
When Tiamat heard this,
 
She was furious and shouted at her lover;
 
She shouted dreadfully and was
beside herself with rage
,
 
But then suppressed the evil in her belly.
 
'How could we allow what we ourselves created to perish?'
 
'Even though their ways are so grievous, we should bear it patienly.'
 
(Vizier)
Mummu
replied and counselled Apsu;
 
The
vizier 
did not agree with the counsel of 
his
earth mother.
 
'O father, put an end to (their) troublesome ways,
 
'So that we may be allowed to rest by day and sleep by night.'
 
Apsu was pleased with him, his face lit up
 
At the evil he was planning for the gods his sons.
 
(Vizier) Mummu hughed him,
 
Sat
on his lap and kissed him
rapturously
.
 
But everything they plotted between them
 
Was relayed to the gods their sons.
 
The gods listened and wandered about restlessly;
 
They fell silent, they sat mute.
 
Superior in understanding, wise and capable,
 
Ea
who knows everything found out their plot,
 
Made himself a design of everything, and laid it out correctly,
 
Made it cleverly, his pure
spell
was superb.
 
He
recited
it and it
stilled
the waters.
 
He poured
sleep
upon him so that he was sleeping soundly,
 
Put Apsu
to sleep, drenched with sleep.
 
Vizier Mummu the counselor (was in) a sleepless
daze
.
 
He (
Ea
) unfastened his belt, took off his crown,
 
Took away his mantle of radiance
and put it on
himself 
.
 
He held Apsu down and slew him;
 
Tied up Mummu
and laid
him
across
him
.
 
He set up his dwelling
on top of Apsu
,
 
And grasped Mummu, held him by a nose-rope.
 
When he had overcome and
slain his enemies
,
 
Ea
set up his triumphal cry over his foes.
 
Then he rested very quietly inside his private quarters
 
And named them
Apsu
and assigned
chapels
,
 
Page
2
of 
31
 
Founded his own residence there,
 
And
Ea
and
Damkina
his lover dwelt in splendour.
 
In the
chamber of destinies
, the hall of designs,
 
Bel, cleverest of the clever, sage of the gods, was begotten.
 
And
inside
Apsu,
Marduk
was created;
 
Inside pure Apsu, Marduk was born.
 
Ea
his father created him,
 
Damkina
his mother bore him.
 
He suckled the teats of goddesses;
 
The nurse reared him filled him with awesomeness.
 
Proud was his form, piercing his stare,
 
Mature his emergence, he was powerful from the start.
 
Anu his father's begetter beheld him,
 
And rejoiced, beamed; his heart was filled with joy.
 
He made him so perfect that his
godhead was doubled
.
 
Elevated far above them, he was superior in every way.
 
His limbs were ingeniously made beyond comprehension,
 
Impossible to understand, too difficult to perceive.
 
Four 
were his eyes,
four 
were his ears;
 
When his lips moved,
fire blazed forth
.
 
The four ears were enormous
 
And likewise the eyes; they perceived everything.
 
Highest among the gods, his form was outstanding.
 
His limbs were very long, his height (?) outstanding.
 
(Anu cried out)
 
'Mariutu, Mariutu,
 
'Son, majesty, majesty of the gods!'
 
Clothed in the radiant mantle of 
ten gods
, worn high above his head
 
Five fearsome rays were clustered above him.
 
Anu
created the
four 
winds and gave them birth,
 
Put them in his (Marduk's) hand, 'My son, let them
play
!'
 
He fashioned dust and made the wirlwind carry it;
 
He made the
flood-wave
and stirred up
Tiamat
,
 
Tiamat was stirred up, and heaved restlessly day and night.
 
The gods,
unable to rest
, had to suffer...
 
They plotted evil in their hearts, and
 
They addressed Tiamat their mother, saying,
 
'Because they slew Apsu your lover and'
 
'You did not go too his side but sat mute,'
 
'He has created the four, fearful winds
 
Page
3
of 
31

Activity (0)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Megan Smith liked this
Wes liked this
Rodger Fruin liked this
kickstick liked this
alnewman liked this
Len Ingram liked this
ddave249 liked this
siameses liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->