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Educational Emphases

Educational Emphases

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Published by Hanis Athirah Rusli

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Published by: Hanis Athirah Rusli on Jun 26, 2012
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07/03/2013

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WEducational emphases given below outline current developments in education that will help learnersprepare for the world of work eventually as well as social life. In this respect, the incorporation of moral education, citizenship education, patriotism and thinking skills in the specifications willcontribute tow ards the building of a modern and progressive Malaysian society.
Thinking Skills
Critical and creative thinking skills are incorporated in the learning outcomes to enable learners to:
 
Understand information
 
Make decisions
 
Solve problems
 
Express themselves accurately
 
Creatively in the target languageBloom categorized thinking skills into 6 groups listed in order of complexity:
Knowledge acquisition:
Memorize how to do a task.
Comprehension:
Question, discuss and explain how to do a task.
 Application:
Extract and transfer this knowledge
 Analysis:
Categorize, characterize, compare and contrast.
Synthesis:
Collating and creating.
Evaluation:
Prioritization, relevancy and judgmen
 
WEach of the categories or taxonomic elements has a number of key verbs associated with it
Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS)
 
 
Remembering -
Recognising, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding
 
 
Understanding -
Interpreting, Summarising, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing,explaining, exemplifying
 
 
Applying -
Implementing, carrying out, using, executing
 
 
Analysing -
Comparing, organising, deconstructing, Attributing, outlining, finding,structuring, integrating
 
 
Evaluating -
Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, Experimenting, judging, testing, Detecting,Monitoring
 
 
Creating -
designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making
 
Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)
 The elements cover many of the activities and objectives but they do not address the new objectivespresented by the emergence and integration of Information and Communication Technologies intothe classroom and the lives of our students.
 
W
Bloom's digital taxonomy map
 
Learning How to Learn Skills
Learning How to Learn skills are also integrated with the learning outcomes and aim to enablelearners to take responsibility for their own learning. These skills incorporate information skills,library skills and study skills to enable learners to access sources of information more efficiently andhelp them become independent lifelong learners.

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