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Educational Emphases

Educational Emphases

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Published by Hanis Athirah Rusli

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Published by: Hanis Athirah Rusli on Jun 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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WEducational emphases given below outline current developments in education that will help learnersprepare for the world of work eventually as well as social life. In this respect, the incorporation of moral education, citizenship education, patriotism and thinking skills in the specifications willcontribute tow ards the building of a modern and progressive Malaysian society.
Thinking Skills
Critical and creative thinking skills are incorporated in the learning outcomes to enable learners to:
Understand information
Make decisions
Solve problems
Express themselves accurately
Creatively in the target languageBloom categorized thinking skills into 6 groups listed in order of complexity:
Knowledge acquisition:
Memorize how to do a task.
Question, discuss and explain how to do a task.
Extract and transfer this knowledge
Categorize, characterize, compare and contrast.
Collating and creating.
Prioritization, relevancy and judgmen
WEach of the categories or taxonomic elements has a number of key verbs associated with it
Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS)
Remembering -
Recognising, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding
Understanding -
Interpreting, Summarising, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing,explaining, exemplifying
Applying -
Implementing, carrying out, using, executing
Analysing -
Comparing, organising, deconstructing, Attributing, outlining, finding,structuring, integrating
Evaluating -
Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, Experimenting, judging, testing, Detecting,Monitoring
Creating -
designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making
Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)
 The elements cover many of the activities and objectives but they do not address the new objectivespresented by the emergence and integration of Information and Communication Technologies intothe classroom and the lives of our students.
Bloom's digital taxonomy map
Learning How to Learn Skills
Learning How to Learn skills are also integrated with the learning outcomes and aim to enablelearners to take responsibility for their own learning. These skills incorporate information skills,library skills and study skills to enable learners to access sources of information more efficiently andhelp them become independent lifelong learners.

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