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Thoughts on a Modern Civil Society: The Indonesian Case

Thoughts on a Modern Civil Society: The Indonesian Case

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Published by The Habibie Center
BJ Habibie's speech in Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum, 25-27 June 2012, Bonn - Germany.
BJ Habibie's speech in Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum, 25-27 June 2012, Bonn - Germany.

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Published by: The Habibie Center on Jun 26, 2012
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06/07/2013

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1
ThoughtsonamodernCivilSociety:TheIndonesianCase
1
BacharuddinJusufHabibie
2
TherearesomecommonbasicprinciplesforanymodernSocietythatmustbefulfilledsuchas:
 
Freedom
 
Independence
 
Pluralism
 
HumanRightsbalancedwithHumanResponsibilities
 
Values
 
JusticeandProsperityThequestionis,howtoachievethistodayinaWell-informedGlobalSocietythatis:
 
LowCostandLowRisk,
 
HighQualityand
 
Constitutional.WhetherasocietyliveswithinaKingdom,RepublicoraCommonMarketlikeEurope,ASEANoranyotherformofStatedependsonvariouscultural,historical,politicalandpragmaticconsiderations.AsenshrinedintheCharteroftheUnitedNations,itistheinterestof“peace”amongpeopleandnations,nottointerfereintheInternalAffairsofanyothernations/society.Withtheaccumulatedexperienceofmorethan6decadesinafastchangingworld,theUnitedNationsanditsnetworkshouldgivemoreattentiontoadjustingitssystemwiththeGlobalizedWorldoftoday.IntheworkoftheUN,concernsaboutHumanRightsmustbebalancedwithHumanResponsibilities.Theimpactofglobalchangesandtheneedforappropriateadjustmentsmustbegivenspecialattention.TheUNsorganizationalmechanismdeservesspecialattentiontoo.

1
DeutscheWelleGlobalMediaForum:„CULTURE,EDUCATION,MEDIAshapingasustainableworld”,INTERNATIONALCONFERENCE,25–27June2012Bonn,Germany.
2
Prof.Dr.-Ing.Dr.Sc.h.c.mult.,FormerPresidentoftheRepublicofIndonesia(1998,1999)
 
2
TheworldanditsproblemstodayistotallydifferenttothetimewhentheUnitedNationsanditsnetworkwerefounded.Currentlystatesandsocietieshavetheirownsystemsormechanismsfordeveloping,adjustingandimprovingtheirrespectiveConstitutionsforabetterandhigherQualityofLife,accordingthewilloftheirownpeople.Thepeoplecreateanditisalsothesamepeoplethathavetosolvetheirownproblemsandmaketheflowofobjectiveandsubjective-appropriateInformationforgettinghighqualitydecisions,asfastaspossible.
WhereandhowtogettherightInformationattherighttime,fastandwithhighquality?
FreedomofthePressmightbethesolution.Thelocal,aswellasdomesticandinternationalnewsthroughE-Paper,E-NewsorotherSocialNetworkslikeYouTube,Twitter,Facebooketc.areInformationNetworksavailablethroughthehighqualityhard-andsoftwareof“SmartPhones”,“SmartPad”,“SmartNotebook”andother“Smartelectronicequipment”atlowcost.Thetechnologyinnovationanddevelopmentwillexceedthepowerwellbeyondnanotechnologies.
HowcanweguarantythequalityandobjectivityofincomingInformation?Howcanwerelyonthem?Willfreedomofthepress,freecompetitionandtransparencyhelp?HowcanweavoidmanipulationofInformation?HowcanwepreventMoneypoliticsmisusingthefreedomofthePress?
Therearemanymorequestionstobeanswered.AnexchangeandtransferofexperienceamongsocietiescouldcontributetoincreasingthequalityofInformation.AnInterculturalDialoguewilltriggerandcouldgivemoreinformationandunderstandingaboutCulturalValueslikeMoralsandEthos.Tolerancebetweenpeopleandsocietiesisbetterforsupportingawin-winsustainablecooperationinscience,technologyandeconomicdevelopmentinterdependencyandproductivitytoincreasecompetitivenessinsharingandcreatingjobsneededforasustainableequitydistributionofincomeandwealth.Becauseofthat,politicalstabilityandeconomicgrowthwillincreaseHumanSecurityneededtosustainprogresstowardsjusticeandprosperity.
 
3
CivilSocietyplaysaveryimportantroleindevelopingamodernsocietyasitbecomesmoretransparentandpredictable.Economics,educational,scienceandtechnologicalinfrastructuredevelopmentwillsystematicallyincreasetheproductivityandcompetivenessofthepeopleandsocietyandsoon……TopreparethepeopleoftheCivilSociety,eachfamilyhastobeinformedand“re-educated”,sothattheyhaveaccesstohealthydrinkingwater,foodandabetterunderstandingforanupbringingprocesscompatibletotheircultureandreligion.Pleaseallowmetotellyouabouttheimplementationoftheabove-mentionedthoughtsduringmyPresidencybetween21May1998and21October1999.Moredetailedreportanddataareavailableinmybook
DecisiveMoment 
”or“
517Tagen
”,theEnglishandGermantranslationsoftheoriginalbookintheIndonesianlanguage,
Detik-DetikyangMenentukan
”,publishedin2006.InMarch1998ThePeopleAssemblyoftheRepublicofIndonesiare-electedPresidentSuharto.IwaselectedadayaftertheelectionofthePresidentasVicePresident.Twomonthafterwardonthe21ofMay1998,PresidentSuhartoresigned.ConstitutionallyIbecamethethirdPresidentofIndonesiaandhadthedutytoconvenea“
SpecialPeople’sAssembly 
”forelectinganewPresidentandVicePresident.InsteadIorganizeda
SpecialPeople’sAssembly 
torevisethePeople’sAssemblydecreefromMarch1998,comprisinginteraliaofthedecisionsto:
 
Tobringforwardthenextgeneralelectionfrom2003to1999.
 
OpenparticipationinthenextelectiontoanypoliticalpartyaslongasitmeetsthecriteriaforbecomingapoliticalpartyandadheretotheexistingConstitution
 
HoldthePeople’sAssemblyoftheRepublicofIndonesia3monthsaftertheelectioninOctober1999toelectanewPresidentandVicePresident
 
Tomakeothernecessarynewsocial-politicalandsocial-economicalPeople’sAssemblydecreesasthebasesandstartoftheReformation.Whatwasthesecretandreasonthatinspiteofthehighpoliticalinstability–markedbydailydemonstrationsinalmostallbigcities;thefreefallofftheIndonesiancurrency,therupiah;highinflationrate;highunemployment

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