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LTD_reviewer From Jason Loyola

LTD_reviewer From Jason Loyola

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Published by Chesca Souza

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Published by: Chesca Souza on Jun 26, 2012
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06/15/2013

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LandTitlesandDeedsReviewer
Atty.Palabrica'sLectures
HISTORY
SpanishInfluence-
LegalsignificancetoownershipofthelandRegalianDoctrine-alllandsareownedbytheStateHowlandswereownedduringtheSpanishEra1.TituloReal(RoyalTitle)-LandisgiventoSpanishpeopletoencouragethemtosettleinthePhilippines.Amongthosegrantedare:a.Discoverersb.Settlers2.SpecialGrant-GrantgivenbythegovernorassignedinthePhilippines.Nospeciallawisrequiredtoempowergovernortogrant.3.AdjustmentTitle-giventoapersonwhohasownershipoflandbutthelandwasnotdefined.Byvirtueofsuch,heacquiresownershipofencroachedland.4.TitleofPurchase-applicabletolandsofpublicdomain5.PossessoryInformationTitle-titleshowingpossessionofland
RegalianDoctrine-
EnshrinedintheConstitution.Section2,Article12
Party-duh
~
2009
"Alllandsofthepublicdomain,waters,minerals,coalpetroleum,andothermineraloils,allforcerofpotentialenergy,fisheries,forestsortimber,wildlife,floraandfauna,andothernaturalresourcesareownedbytheState.
Withtheexceptionofagriculturallands,allothernaturalresourcesshallnotbealienated.
Theexploration,development,andutilizationofnaturalresourcesshallbeunderthefullcontrolandsupervisionofthestate.Thestatemaydirectlyundertakesuchactivities,oritmayenterintoco-production,jointventure,orproduction-sharingagreementswithFilipinocitizens,orcorporationsorassociationsatleast60%ofwhosecapitalisownedbysuchcitizens.Suchagreementsmaybeforaperiodnotexceeding25years,renewablefornotmorethan25years,andundersuchtermsandconditionsasmaybeprovidedbylaw..."ExceptionstoRegalianDoctrine:1.)ReligiousandecclesiasticalpropertiesarenotownedbytheState.Suchareheld
IN
TRUSTbythesereligiousorganizations.(BishopofCebuvsMangaron)2.)Nativetitle-landsownedbyindigenouspeoplesincetimeImmemorial.RA8173orIPRAof1997.(Cruzvs.DENR)
P.O.1529PropertyRegistrationDecree-
codifiesallotherlawspertainingtotitleregistrationasitsupersedesthesame.However,allotherlawsnotinconsistentarestillapplicable.
1
 
LandTitlesandDeedsReviewer
~
2009
TorrensSystem
inspiredbytheMerchantShippingRegistration,andappliedthesametoLandRegistrationItisJudicialincharacterandnotmerelyadministrativeinnature.a.Description:i.Governmentissuesofficialcertificateshowingownershipoftitleii.Subjectsthesametoliensorencumbrancesiii.Indefeasibleiv.IncontrovertibleafteroneyearItprovidesforasystemfortheregistrationoftitlestolandswherebytheofficialcertificatewillalwaysshowthestateofthetitleandthepersoninwhomitisvested.RealpurposeofTorrenssystemistoquiettitletolandandtostopforeveranyquestionastoitslegality.1.SpanishMortgageLawof1893-providedforasystematicwayofRegisteringtitlesb.Principles:i.Bestevidenceofownershipii.Noticeforthewholeworldthatthepropertybelongstotheowner.iii.AnyclaimoverthelandbeforeissuanceoftheTorrenstitleisdeemedbarred.iv.Imprescriptible-squatterswillnotacquireownershipthroughprescriptionItdoesnotvesttitleitmerelyconfirmsandrecordstitlealreadyexistingandvested.2.Act926of1903-otherwiseknownasFirstPublicLandLaw.ApplicabletoPublicLands.SUBSTANTIVE.Amongitsfunctionsare:a.ProvidingforHomesteadingb.IssuanceofPatentsc.Completionofimperfecttitled.SystemofSalesandLeasee.RidsofSpanishconcessionEverypersonregisteringingoodfaithandforvalueneednotgobeyondthetitle.Personwhofraudulentlyregistersthelandinhisnameisholdingthepropertyasatrusteeandaggrievedpartyhasoptiontorecovery.4.Act141of1936-Amended1903TorrensSystem.MoresubstantialthanproceduralAct2874of1918-AmendatoryactofAct926.5.Act496-LandRegistrationactof1903.PROCEDURAL.3.TorrensSystemof1903-OtherwiseknownasLandRegistrationAct.Copiedverbatimthe1898TorrensSystemofMassachusettsbyRobertTorrens,aSouthAustralianRegistrarofDeeds.Hewassaidtobe
In
a
nutshell:Act
926
providedforthesubstantiverequirementsseeninPD
1529,
whileAct496enumeratedtheprocedures
to
beundertaken.
2
Party-duh
 
LandTitlesandDeedsReviewer
6.CadastralActof1913-DerivedfromtheopinionsofthePresident.InitiatedbythePresidentasinstructedbyhim.7.
p.o.
1529-Themotherload.OtherwiseknownasPropertyRegistrationDecree.Sec.2NatureInRemorAgainstthewholeworld-throughnoticeofpublication,allinterestedpartiesmayoppose.CourtsofFirstInstance/RTChasexclusivejurisdiction1.FiledinproperC.F.I.-subjecttoprovisionsofJudiciaryActof1980asamendedbyRA7691ThereCouldbeadelegationofjurisdictionwhen:ThereisnocontroversyThevalueofLandislessthanP100,000.Valueisdeterminedbyaffidavitofclaimantordeclaredvalue.PursuanttoSCAdministrativeCircular6-93-A,of1995:
o
Ifthecaseisfiledbeforetheeffectivityofthecircular,andtherehasbeenNOHEARINGyet,thecasemaybedelegatedoIfthehearinghasstarted,thecasemaybedelegatedifthepartiesagreeTheTorrensTitlethoughindefeasibleisnotashieldoffraud.
Party-duh
~
2009
Asbetween2innocentpurchasers-theonewhocausedthewrongshallbeartheloss.oHewhoregistersfirstispreferredasfaras3
rd
personsareconcerned
o
Asbetweentwocertificatesoftitlepertainingtothesameland,theearliercertificateprevails.
o
Aforgeddocumentmaybetherootofavalidtitlewhensoldtoaninnocentpurchaserforvalue.
o
Forgerymustshowthatthenameofthesupposedownerwaschangedtothenameoftheforger.Sec.
3-
SpanishMortgageLawisdiscontinued,alllandswithoutTorrensTitlearedeemedunregistered.
SecA-13-
Agencies/OfficesthatcontrolTorrenssystem.DOJ-LRA-R.OD.
o
OneRegistryofDeedsforeachprovince
o
OneRegistryofDeedsforeachCity
MAJORSTEPSINREGISTERINGLAND
I.
APPLICATIONSec14-22PD1529Section14.Whomayapply.ThefollowingpersonsmayfileintheproperCourtofFirstInstanceanapplicationforregistrationoftitletoland,whetherpersonallyorthroughtheirdulyauthorizedrepresentatives:
3

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