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Underground Mining Methods

Underground Mining Methods

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Published by Sumit Agrawal

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Published by: Sumit Agrawal on Jun 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/19/2013

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Underground Mining Methods
byDr. Arcady Dyskin
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
&Mr. Paul Duplancic
Learning objectives
 
Basic mining methods within theclassification
Basic principles of selection of the miningmethod
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
Slide 2
 
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UndergroundMiningMethods
 
Schematic layout
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
Slide 3
 undergroundmine (Brady &Brown, 1993).
Mining Terminology
Deposit and Spatial Terms
Excavation Terms
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
Slide 4
 
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Deposit and Spatial Terms
Back
: roof, top or overlying surface of an undergroundexcavation.
Country rock
: waste material adjacent to a mineral deposit;also host rock.
Crown pillar
: portion of the deposit overlying an excavationand left in place as a pillar
Footwall wall
: rock under the deposit
Hanging wall
: wall rock above a deposit
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
 to the roof or hanging wall.
Rib
: Side wall of an excavation; also rib pillar
Sill pillar
: portion of the deposit underlying an excavationand left in place as a pillar
Slide 5
Excavation Terms
Adit
: Main horizontal or near-horizontal underground opening, with singleaccess to surface
Decline
: Inclined opening driven downward to connect levels; also declinedsat an ramp
Drawpoint
: Loading point beneath a stope, utilizing gravity to move bulk material downward and into a conveyance, by a chute or LHD (Load-Haul-Dump vehicle)
Drift
: Horizontal or near horizontal opening; also drive, entry
Incline
: Inclined opening driven upward to connect levels
Level
: System of horizontal openings connected to a shaft; comprises an
A.V. Dyskin, UWA
 
Orepass
: Vertical or near-vertical opening through which bulk material flowsby gravity
Portal
: Opening or connection to the surface from an underground excavation
Raise
: Vertical or near-vertical opening driven upward from one level toanother
Slide 6

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